The Ivy League is a collegiate athletic conference comprising sports teams from eight private institutions of higher education in the Northeastern United States. The conference name is also commonly used to refer to those eight schools as a group. The eight institutions are Brown University, Columbia University, Cornell University, Dartmouth College, Harvard University, Princeton University, the University of Pennsylvania, and Yale University. The term Ivy League has connotations of academic excellence, selectivity in admissions, and social elitism.

The term became official after the formation of the NCAA Division I athletic conference in 1954. The use of the phrase is no longer limited to athletics, and now represents an educational philosophy inherent to the nation's oldest schools. Seven of the eight schools were founded during the United States colonial period; the exception is Cornell, which was founded in 1865. Ivy League institutions account for seven of the nine Colonial Colleges chartered before the

American Revolution, the other two being Rutgers University and College of William & Mary.
Ivy League schools are viewed as some of the most prestigious, and are ranked among the best universities worldwide. All eight universities place in the top twenty of the U.S. News & World Report 2014 university rankings, including the top four schools and six of the top ten. Each school receives millions of dollars in research grants and other subsidies from federal and state government.
Undergraduate enrollments range from about 4,000 to 14,000, making them larger than those of a typical private liberal arts college and smaller than a typical public state university. Total enrollments, including graduate students, range from approximately 6,100 at Dartmouth to over 20,000 at Columbia, Cornell, Harvard, and Penn. Ivy League financial endowments range from Brown's $2.7 billion to Harvard's $32.3 billion, the largest financial endowment of any academic institution in the world.

  • 1. [Patriot League] The Patriot League is a collegiate athletic conference comprising private institutions of higher education and two United States service academies based in the Northeastern United States. Outside of the Ivy League, it is the most selective group of higher education institutions in NCAA Division I and has the highest student-athlete graduation rate for both the NCAA graduation success rate and the federal graduation rate.
  • 2. [Princeton Tigers men's lacrosse] The Princeton Tigers men's lacrosse team represents Princeton University in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I men's lacrosse. Princeton currently competes as a member of the Ivy League and plays its home games at the Class of 1952 Stadium in Princeton, New Jersey.
  • 3. [Eastern Intercollegiate Basketball League] The Eastern Intercollegiate Basketball League was an athletic conference for men’s college basketball, beginning with the 1901-02 season and ending with the 1954-55 season. Its membership ranged from four to eight members; all of these teams now compete in the Ivy League, which began play in 1955-56 and considers its men’s basketball league to be
  • 4. [Penn Quakers men's basketball] The Penn Quakers men's basketball team is the college basketball program representing the University of Pennsylvania. As the eleventh-winningest men's basketball program of all-time, the team from Penn had its greatest success from 1966 to 2007, a period of over 40 years. Penn plays in the Ivy League in NCAA Division I.
  • 5. [Little Ivies] The Little Ivies are a loosely-defined group of small, selective American liberal arts colleges.
    Institutions identified as Little Ivies are usually old, socially and academically elite, small, exclusive, and academically competitive liberal arts colleges located in the northeastern United States. The colloquialism is meant to imply that Little Ivies share similarities of distinction with the universities of the Ivy League.
  • 6. [Public Ivy] Public Ivy is a term coined by Richard Moll in his 1985 book Public Ivies: A Guide to America’s best public undergraduate colleges and universities to refer to universities that provide an Ivy League collegiate experience at a public school price. Public Ivies are considered, according to the Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, to
  • 7. [Seven Sisters (colleges)] The Seven Sisters is a loose association of seven liberal arts colleges in the Northeastern United States that are historically women's colleges. They are Barnard College, Bryn Mawr College, Mount Holyoke College, Radcliffe College, Smith College, Vassar College, and Wellesley College. All were founded between 1837 and 1889. Four are in Massachusetts, two are in
  • 8. [Penn–Princeton basketball rivalry] The Penn–Princeton basketball rivalry is an American college basketball rivalry between the Penn Quakers men's basketball team of the University of Pennsylvania and Princeton Tigers men's basketball team of Princeton University. Having been contested every year since 1903, it is the third oldest consecutively played rivalry in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I history. Unlike
  • 9. [Cornell Big Red men's lacrosse] The Cornell Big Red Men's Lacrosse team represents Cornell University in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I men's lacrosse.
  • 10. [Dartmouth College] Dartmouth College, commonly referred to as Dartmouth (/ˈdɑrtməθ/ DART-məth), is a private Ivy League research university located in Hanover, New Hampshire. It consists of a liberal arts college, the Geisel School of Medicine, the Thayer School of Engineering, and the Tuck School of Business, as well as 19 graduate programs in the arts and sciences.
  • 11. [NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship] The NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship is a single-elimination tournament played each spring in the United States, currently featuring 68 college basketball teams, to determine the national championship of the major college basketball teams. The tournament, organized by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), was created during 1939 by the National Association of Basketball
  • 12. [Harvard–Yale football rivalry] The Harvard–Yale football rivalry, one of the oldest rivalries in US college football and also known as The Game by some followers, is an American college football rivalry between the Harvard Crimson football team of Harvard University and Yale Bulldogs football team of Yale University. Although the Harvard-Yale rivalry is one of the oldest college
  • 13. [Southern Ivy] Southern Ivy is an informal term, and not an official body, that has been used in the U.S. to compare Southern universities to the schools of the northeastern Ivy League in some way, usually in academic quality or in social prestige. The "Southern Ivy League," referred to as the "Magnolia League", was also a failed
  • 14. [Cornell–Harvard hockey rivalry] The Cornell–Harvard hockey rivalry is a men's ice hockey sports rivalry between the Big Red of Cornell University and Crimson of Harvard University dating back to 1910.
  • 15. [NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship] The NCAA Women's Division I Championship is an annual college basketball tournament for women. Held each April, the Women's Championship was inaugurated in the 1981–82 season. The NCAA tournament was preceded by the AIAW Women's Basketball Tournament, which was held annually from 1972 to 1982. Basketball was one of 12 women's sports added to the
  • 16. [Ivy Rugby Conference] The Ivy Rugby Conference is an annual rugby union competition played among the eight member schools of the Ivy League. The Ivy Rugby Conference was formed in 2009. The Ivy Rugby Conference was formed to foster better competition among rugby teams from the Ivy League schools and to raise the quality of play. Ivy Rugby
  • 17. [Division I (NCAA)] Division I (D-I) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in the United States. D-I schools include the major collegiate athletic powers, with larger budgets, more elaborate facilities, and more athletic scholarships than Divisions II and III as well as many smaller schools committed to the highest level of intercollegiate competition.
  • 18. [Black Ivy League] The Black Ivy League is a colloquial term that at times referred to the historically black colleges in the United States that attracted top African American students prior to the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. Similar groups include: Public Ivies, Southern Ivies, and the Little Ivies, among others, none of which have canonical definitions. Generally, these schools have avoided using the term "Black Ivy League" to describe themselves.
  • 19. [Hidden Ivies] Hidden Ivies: Thirty Colleges of Excellence is a college educational guide published in 2000. It concerns college admissions in the United States. The authors define both the title of this book as well as their goals in writing it on page one in the following manner: "Our mission in writing this book for students and
  • 20. [NCAA Division I Football Championship] The NCAA Division I Football Championship is an American college football tournament played each year to determine the champion of the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision (FCS). Prior to the year 2006, the game was known as the NCAA Division I-AA Football Championship. The FCS has historically the highest division in college football to
  • 21. [Intercollegiate Rowing Association] The Intercollegiate Rowing Association runs the IRA National Championship Regatta, which is considered to be the United States collegiate national championship of rowing. Since 1995, it has been held in numerous locations, such as the Cooper River in Pennsauken, New Jersey. This regatta includes both men's and women's (lightweight) events for sweep boats of all
  • 22. [ECAC Hockey] ECAC Hockey is one of the six conferences that compete in NCAA Division I ice hockey. The conference used to be affiliated with the Eastern College Athletic Conference, a consortium of over 300 colleges in the eastern United States. This relationship ended in 2004; however the ECAC abbreviation was retained in the name of the hockey conference. ECAC Hockey is the only ice hockey conference with identical memberships in both its women's and men's divisions.
  • 23. [The Rivalry (Lehigh–Lafayette)] The Rivalry is an American college football rivalry game played by the Lafayette Leopards football team of Lafayette College and the Lehigh Mountain Hawks football team of Lehigh University. It is the most-played football rivalry in the nation and the longest uninterrupted annual rivalry series. As of 2013, "The Rivalry" has been played 149 times
  • 24. [Columbia Lions football] The Columbia Lions football program is the intercollegiate American football team for Columbia University located in the U.S. state of New York. The team competes in the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision (FCS) and are members of the Ivy League. Columbia played in what is generally regarded as the fourth college football game in November 1870. The team plays its home games at the 17,000 seat Wien Stadium in Manhattan, New York. The Lions are coached by Pete Mangurian.
  • 25. [Lafayette College] Lafayette College is a private coeducational liberal arts and engineering college located in Easton, Pennsylvania, USA. The school, founded in 1826 by James Madison Porter, son of General Andrew Porter of Norristown and the citizens of Easton, first began holding classes in 1832. The founders voted to name the school after General Lafayette, who famously toured the country in 1824–25, as "a testimony of respect for [his] talents, virtues, and signal services...the great cause of freedom".
  • 26. [Sprint football] Sprint football, formerly called lightweight football, is a varsity sport played by United States colleges and universities, under rules similar to American football. The sport is currently governed by the Collegiate Sprint Football League.
  • 27. [Rowing Association of American Colleges] The Rowing Association of American Colleges (1870 to 1894) is considered to be the very first collegiate athletic organization in the country. Upon organization by the captains of the leading crews of the day, they devised a primary rule of eligibility: that only undergraduate students should be eligible to represent their college in the regatta. To this day, despite numerous amendments and additions, this rule remains the very foundation of the NCAA rules of eligibility.
  • 28. [Brown University] Brown University is a private Ivy League research university in Providence, Rhode Island.
    Founded in 1764 as "The College in the English Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations," Brown is the seventh oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine Colonial Colleges established before the American Revolution. The University
  • 29. [U.S. News & World Report] U.S. News & World Report is an American news magazine published from Washington, D.C. Along with Time and Newsweek, it was for many years a leading news weekly, focusing more than its counterparts on political, economic, health and education stories. In recent years, it is now known for its ranking system and annual reports on American colleges, graduate schools and hospitals.
  • 30. [Harvard–Yale Regatta] The Harvard–Yale Regatta or Harvard-Yale Boat Race (often abbreviated The Race) is an annual rowing race between the men's heavyweight rowing crews of Harvard University and Yale University. First contested in 1852, it has been held annually since 1859 except during major wars fought by the United States. The Race is America's oldest collegiate athletic competition, pre-dating The Game by 23 years.
  • 31. [Big Three (colleges)] The Big Three is a historical term used in the United States to refer to Harvard, Yale, and Princeton. The phrase Big Three originated in the 1880s, when these three colleges dominated college football. High schools' college admissions counselors and colleges' admissions guides sometimes use the initialism HYP to refer to these colleges. In the
  • 32. [The Cornell Daily Sun] The Cornell Daily Sun is an independent daily newspaper published in Ithaca, New York by students at Cornell University and hired employees.
    The Sun is staffed entirely by Cornell students, aside from a few full-time production and business positions, and is fully independent of the university. It operates out of its own building in downtown Ithaca. The Sun is the third best college newspaper in the United States, according to The Princeton Review.
  • 33. [Field lacrosse] Field Lacrosse, sometimes referred to as the "fastest sport on two feet," is a full contact outdoor men's sport played with ten players on each team. The sport originated among Native Americans, and the modern rules of field lacrosse were initially codified by Canadian William George Beers in 1867. Field lacrosse is one of three
  • 34. [Princeton University] Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey.
    Founded in 1746 in Elizabeth as the College of New Jersey, Princeton was the fourth chartered institution of higher education in the American colonies and thus one of the nine Colonial Colleges established before the American Revolution. The institution moved to Newark in
  • 35. [The Harvard Crimson] The Harvard Crimson, the daily student newspaper of Harvard University, was founded in 1873. It is the only daily newspaper in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and is run entirely by Harvard College undergraduates. Many Crimson alumni have gone on to careers in journalism, and some have won Pulitzer Prizes.
  • 36. [College rowing (United States)] Rowing is one of the oldest intercollegiate sports in the United States. However, rowers comprise only 2.2% of total college athletes. This may be in part because of the status of rowing as an amateur sport and because not all universities have access to suitable bodies of water. In the 2002-03 school year there were 1,712 male and 6,690 female collegiate rowers.
  • 37. [Jesuit Ivy] "Jesuit Ivy" is the title of a commencement speech delivered at Boston College, a Jesuit university in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, United States. The term was coined in a 1956 commencement address by then-Massachusetts Senator John F. Kennedy. Speaking at the Jesuit university, he was likely making reference to the Ivy League, an athletic conference established
  • 38. [Walter Camp] Walter Chauncey Camp (April 7, 1859 – March 14, 1925) was an American football player, coach, and sports writer known as the "Father of American Football". He invented the sport's line of scrimmage and the system of downs. With John Heisman, Amos Alonzo Stagg, Pop Warner, Fielding H. Yost, and George Halas, Camp was one
  • 39. [NCAA Division I Rowing Championship] The NCAA Division I Rowing Championship is a rowing championship held by the NCAA for Division I women's heavyweight (or openweight) collegiate crews. It was first held in 1997. In 2002, the NCAA added championships for Division II and Division III. All races are 2,000 meters long. Men's rowing (both heavyweight and lightweight) and women's lightweight rowing are not part of the NCAA and have separate championships.
  • 40. [Princeton Tigers football] The Princeton Tigers football program represents Princeton University college football at the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision (formerly Division I-AA). Princeton’s football program -- along with the football program at nearby Rutgers University -- is the oldest in the world, these two schools having competed against each other in American football's first intercollegiate contest in 1869, and has a legacy that includes the most national championships of any college or university.
  • 41. [College and university rankings] College and university rankings are rankings of institutions in higher education ordered by various combinations of various factors. Rankings have most often been conducted by magazines, newspapers, websites, governments, or academics. In addition to ranking entire institutions, organizations perform rankings of specific programs, departments, and schools. Various rankings consider combinations of measures of wealth, research
  • 42. [University of Pennsylvania] The University of Pennsylvania (commonly referred to as Penn or UPenn) is an American private Ivy League research university located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Incorporated as The Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania, Penn is one of 14 founding members of the Association of American Universities and one of the nine original Colonial Colleges.
  • 43. [Ivy stone] An ivy stone or Ivy Day stone is a class memorial stone unveiled at annual Ivy Day celebrations at older colleges in the Northeastern United States.
  • 44. [Boston College] Boston College (BC) is a private Jesuit Catholic research university located in the village of Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, USA, 6 miles (9.7 km) west of downtown Boston. It has 9,100 full-time undergraduates and almost 5,000 graduate students. The university's name reflects its early history as a liberal arts college and preparatory school (now Boston College
  • 45. [National Collegiate Athletic Association] The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is a non-profit association that regulates athletes of 1,281 institutions, conferences, organizations, and individuals that organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States and Canada. It is committed to providing opportunity for more than 450,000 college student-athletes who compete annually in college sports. It is headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana.
  • 46. [Yale Blue] Yale Blue is the dark azure color used in association with Yale University.
  • 47. [Yale Daily News] The Yale Daily News is an independent student newspaper published by Yale University students in New Haven, Connecticut since January 28, 1878. The newspaper's first editors wrote:
  • 48. [2009 NCAA Division I Men's Lacrosse Championship] The 2009 NCAA Division I Men's Lacrosse Tournament was held from May 9 through May 25, 2009. This was the 39th annual Division I NCAA Men's Lacrosse Championship tournament. Sixteen NCAA Division I college men's lacrosse teams met after having played their way through a regular season, and for some, a conference tournament, to play in the NCAA Tournament.
  • 49. [Amherst College] Amherst College is a private liberal arts college located in Amherst, Massachusetts, United States. Amherst is an exclusively undergraduate four-year institution and enrolled 1,817 students in the fall of 2012. Students choose courses from 38 major programs in an unusually open curriculum. Amherst is ranked as the second best liberal arts college in the country by U.S. News & World Report, and ranked tenth out of all U.S. colleges and universities by Forbes.
  • 50. [Cornell University] Cornell University (/kɔrˈnɛl/ kor-NEL) is an American private Ivy League and federal land-grant research university located in Ithaca, New York. Founded in 1865 by Ezra Cornell and Andrew Dickson White, the university was intended to teach and make contributions in all fields of knowledge — from the classics to the sciences, and from the theoretical
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