Agrippina the Elder (Latin:Vipsania Agrippina; Classical Latin: AGRIPPINA•GERMANICI, 14 BC – 17 October AD 33), also referred to as Agrippina Major (Major which is Latin for the Elder), was a distinguished Roman woman and a prominent member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Born in 14 BC, she was the daughter of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia the Elder. Her maternal grandfather was Augustus, the first emperor of the Roman Empire. By AD 5 Agrippina married her cousin, the popular general and statesman Germanicus. They had several children, including the emperor Caligula and the empress Agrippina the Younger.
Germanicus was intended to rule the empire after Tiberius, Augustus' adopted son and successor, with Agrippina by his side. His untimely death in AD 19 upended those plans, however. Agrippina's relationship with the emperor would gradually deteriorate, resulting in her banishment from Rome as well as the deaths of her two sons, Nero and Drusus Caesar. Agrippina did not live to see her youngest son, Gaius Caesar ("Caligula") succeed Tiberius in AD 37, having died in exile on 17 October AD 33. Following her son's assassination in AD 41, the empire passed to Claudius, the younger brother of Germanicus. His successor, Nero was the grandson of Agrippina the Elder and the last Julio-Claudian emperor....LESS