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A kindergarten (German  Kindergarten , literally children's garden) is a preschool educational approach traditionally based around playing, singing, practical activities such as drawing, and social interaction as part of the transition from home to school. The first such institutions were created in the late eighteenth century in Bavaria and Strasbourg to serve children both of whose parents worked out of the home.

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The name kindergarten was coined by Friedrich Fröbel, whose approach greatly influenced early-years education around the world. The term is used in many countries to describe a variety of educational institutions for children ranging from the ages of two to seven based on a variety of teaching methods.

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      Primary school A primary school, or elementary school, is a school in which children receive primary or elementary education…
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      A primary school, or elementary school, is a school in which children receive primary or elementary education between the ages of about five to eleven, coming before secondary school and after preschool. It is the first stage of compulsory education in most parts of the world, and is normally available without charge, but may be a fee-paying independent school.…

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      A primary school, or elementary school, is a school in which children receive primary or elementary education between the ages of about five to eleven, coming before secondary school and after preschool. It is the first stage of compulsory education in most parts of the world, and is normally available without charge, but may be a fee-paying independent school.
      In the United States, "primary school" may refer to a school with grades Kindergarten through second grade (K-2). In these municipalities, the "elementary school" includes grade three through five.
      The term primary school is derived from the French école primaire, which was first used in 1802.
      The term grade school is sometimes used. The terms first school or infant school may also used though these, strictly speaking, refer to different educational programs. Note that in the USA grad school is often used as a term for postgraduate education, not referring to the grade school level.
      In some places, primary schooling has historically further been divided between lower primary schools (LP schools), which were the elementary schools, and higher primary schools (HP schools), which were established to provide a more practical instruction to poorer classes than what was provided in the secondary schools.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Primary school

    • The child will go to kindergarten usually for 2 years, that is when they are at age 5 and 6, before they proceed to primary school at age 7. from Kindergarten

    • A preschool (also nursery school, kindergarten outside USA) is a educational establishment offering early childhood education to children between the ages of three and five, or seven, prior to the commencement of compulsory education at primary school. from Preschool

    • In North America, the term school can refer to any educational institution at any level, and covers all of the following: preschool (for toddlers), kindergarten, elementary school, middle school (also called intermediate school or junior high school, depending on specific age groups and geographic region), senior high school, college, university, and graduate school. from School

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    • Public school is normally split up into three stages: elementary school (kindergarten to 5th or 6th grade), middle ("intermediate" or junior high school) from 5th, 6th, or 7th grade to 8th or 9th grade, and high school (9th or 10th to 12th grade). from State school

    • The municipality has one kindergarten and one primary school. from Theisbergstegen

    • The children from the then newly merged municipality now attend kindergarten, primary school or Hauptschule in Glan-Münchweiler. from Quirnbach, Kusel

    • Pfeffelbach today has one kindergarten and one primary school. from Pfeffelbach

    • The greater municipality of Sankt Julian nowadays has one kindergarten and one primary school. from Sankt Julian

    • The Hong Kong system was based on the United Kingdom system, with an optional year at kindergarten, six years of primary school (小學) and six years of secondary school (中學), followed by four years at university. from Educational stage

    • Kindergarten until Grade 3 of Elementary students have gymnastics, starting from Grade 4 of Elementary School, students will be introduced into traditional martial arts Pencak Silat and some team games such as badminton, tennis, soccer, futsal, rounders, basketball, etc. Starting from Junior High School, Both gender are separated during PE class. from Physical education

    • The canton's school system provides two years of non-mandatory kindergarten and requires students to attend six years of primary school, with some of the children attending smaller, specialized classes. from Choulex

    • Hundsangen has at its disposal a Catholic kindergarten and a primary school. from Hundsangen

    • Hackenheim has a kindergarten and a primary school. from Hackenheim

    • Hambuch has one kindergarten and one primary school. from Hambuch

    • Within a few years, the roadbridge (Bundesstraße 41) over the railway line (1957), the cycling sport hall (1960), the new Catholic kindergarten (1961) and the expansion of the Albertus-Hospital (1962) and the primary school (1963) changed the town’s face. from Gau-Algesheim

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      Preschool A preschool (also nursery school, kindergarten outside USA) is an educational establishment offering early…
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      A preschool (also nursery school, kindergarten outside USA) is an educational establishment offering early childhood education to children between the ages of three and five, or seven, prior to the commencement of compulsory education at primary school. They may be privately operated or government-run, and the costs may be subsidized.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Preschool

    • In 2010 a total of 56% of children aged one to six years old had the opportunity to attend preschool education, the Education and Science Ministry of Ukraine reported in August 2010. from Kindergarten

    • In Victoria, kindergarten is a form of preschool and may be referred to interchangeably as preschool or kindergarten. from Kindergarten

    • A kindergarten (German , literally children's garden) is a preschool educational approach traditionally based around playing, singing, practical activities such as drawing, and social interaction as part of the transition from home to school. from Kindergarten

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    • Friedrich Fröbel (1782–1852) opened a Play and Activity institute in 1837 in the village of Bad Blankenburg in the principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Thuringia, which he renamed Kindergarten on June 28, 1840. from Preschool

    • Kindergarten, is used in many parts of world, with the notable exception of some states of Australia, where the term is used to refer to the first stage of compulsory education offered at the age of five. from Preschool

    • A preschool (also nursery school, kindergarten outside USA) is a educational establishment offering early childhood education to children between the ages of three and five, or seven, prior to the commencement of compulsory education at primary school. from Preschool

    • Yet, most disagree to this due to the fact that Preschool and Kindergarten are considered to be years of preparation, rather than actual education. from Eighth grade

    • Though this depends upon whether or not the child attended Kindergarten and Preschool, and for how many years they attended Preschool (usually, a child attends Preschool for one year, but two years is somewhat common as well). from Eighth grade

    • In France, children aged 8-9 join CE2 ("Cours élémentaire deuxième année"), the third compulsory year after "école maternelle" (nursery school or kindergarten). from Third grade

    • In North America, the term school can refer to any educational institution at any level, and covers all of the following: preschool (for toddlers), kindergarten, elementary school, middle school (also called intermediate school or junior high school, depending on specific age groups and geographic region), senior high school, college, university, and graduate school. from School

    • An additional preceding level called Kindergarten is now standard in most areas, and a further preceding level called Preschool education or Nursery school is not uncommon. from Educational stage

    • In Australia, children undergo twelve years of formal education (plus Preschool, Kindergarten and/or a "preparatory grade" or "Prep"), usually starting at age four, five or six, and finishing at age 16, 17 or 18. from Educational stage

    • The HighScope early childhood education approach, used in preschool, kindergarten, childcare, or elementary school settings, was developed in Ypsilanti, Michigan in the 1960s. from HighScope

    • Known also as standard unit blocks or kindergarten blocks, these building blocks are common in preschools and some kindergarten classrooms in the United States. from Unit block

    • The school was established in 1945 by Miss K A Wyndham in her family home and catered to children from pre-Kindergarten (known as nursery) to Year Six. from Wadham Preparatory School

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      German language German (Deutsch [ˈdɔʏtʃ] ( )) is a West Germanic language. It derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic…
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      German (Deutsch [ˈdɔʏtʃ] ( )) is a West Germanic language. It derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. A number of words are derived from Latin and Greek, and fewer from French and English. Widely spoken languages which are most similar to German include Luxembourgish, Yiddish, Dutch, the Frisian languages, English and the Scandinavian languages.…

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      German (Deutsch [ˈdɔʏtʃ] ( )) is a West Germanic language. It derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. A number of words are derived from Latin and Greek, and fewer from French and English. Widely spoken languages which are most similar to German include Luxembourgish, Yiddish, Dutch, the Frisian languages, English and the Scandinavian languages.
      German is written using the Latin alphabet. In addition to the 26 standard letters, German has three vowels with umlauts (Ä/ä, Ö/ö, and Ü/ü) and the letter ß (a special kind of "s(s)", called "Eszett" or "scharfes Es"; it originated as a ligature of archaic forms of the letters s and z, which were represented as ſ and ʒ, respectively, that is, ſ + ʒ = ſʒ = ß).
      German is spoken natively by about 100 million people, making it the most widely spoken native language in the European Union and one of the major languages of the world.
      German is a pluricentric language, with multiple countries having their own standardised variants (e.g. Austrian German, Swiss Standard German) as well as many dialects. There is also one variant referred to as Standard German.
      German is the only official language of Germany, Austria, and Liechtenstein; one of the official languages of Switzerland, Luxembourg, and Belgium; and a recognised minor language in many other countries, such as Italy, Slovenia, Hungary, Namibia, and Poland.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To German language

    • A kindergarten (German , literally children's garden) is a preschool educational approach traditionally based around playing, singing, practical activities such as drawing, and social interaction as part of the transition from home to school. from Kindergarten

    • He created the concept of the “kindergarten” and also coined the word now used in German and English. from Friedrich Fröbel

    • The languages of the other colonising nations also added to the American vocabulary; for instance, cookie, cruller, stoop, and pit (of a fruit) from Dutch; angst, kindergarten, sauerkraut from German, levee, portage ("carrying of boats or goods") and (probably) gopher from French; barbecue, stevedore, and rodeo from Spanish. from American English

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      Friedrich Fröbel Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel (or Froebel) (German pronunciation: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈaʊɡʊst ˈfʁøːbəl]; April…
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      Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel (or Froebel) (German pronunciation: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈaʊɡʊst ˈfʁøːbəl]; April 21, 1782 – June 21, 1852) was a German pedagogue, a student of Pestalozzi who laid the foundation for modern education based on the recognition that children have unique needs and capabilities. He created the concept of the “kindergarten” and also coined the word now used in German and English. He also developed the educational toys known as Froebel Gifts.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Friedrich Fröbel

    • From the mid-19th century to the mid-20th century the term Fröbelschool was also common, after Friedrich Fröbel. However this term gradually faded in use as the verb Fröbelen gained a slight derogatory meaning in everyday language. from Kindergarten

    • Friedrich Fröbel (1782–1852) opened a Play and Activity institute in 1837 in the village of Bad Blankenburg in the principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Thuringia, as an experimental social experience for children entering school. from Kindergarten

    • The name kindergarten was coined by Friedrich Fröbel, whose approach greatly influenced early-years education around the world. from Kindergarten

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    • In 1840 he coined the word kindergarten for the Play and Activity Institute he had founded in 1837 at Bad Blankenburg for young children, together with Wilhelm Middendorf and Heinrich Langethal. from Friedrich Fröbel

    • He created the concept of the “kindergarten” and also coined the word now used in German and English. from Friedrich Fröbel

    • It is most famous for being the location of the first kindergarten of Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel, in 1837. from Bad Blankenburg

    • Friedrich Fröbel (1782–1852) opened a Play and Activity institute in 1837 in the village of Bad Blankenburg in the principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Thuringia, which he renamed Kindergarten on June 28, 1840. from Preschool

    • Besides the well-known Saxon dramatist and poet Carl Theodor Körner, the Corps also included academics, writers, and other well known figures, such as Georg Friedrich Kersting, Friedrich Friesen, Joseph von Eichendorff, and Friedrich Ludwig Jahn. The educator Friedrich Fröbel, who later developed the concept of the Kindergarten, also belonged to the Lützowers. from Lützow Free Corps

    • 7 At some time between 1891 and about 1898, Edith Lesley received training in kindergarten education at the Anne L. Page Kindergarten School, Boston, which followed the precepts of Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel, widely credited as the inventor of the concept of the kindergarten and an advocate of early childhood education. from Edith Lesley

    • 1837: Friedrich Fröbel invent a preschool educational institution Kindergarten. from Toy block

    • Besides Körner, “Turnvater” Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, the famous poet Joseph von Eichendorff, the inventor of the kindergarten Friedrich Fröbel, and Eleonore Prochaska, a woman who had dressed as a man in order to join the fight against the French, served in the Corps. from Lützow's Wild Hunt

    • Origin Anchor stones originated with the wooden building blocks were designed by Friedrich Fröbel, the creator of the kindergarten system. from Anchor Stone Blocks

    • He was a nephew of the founder of the kindergarten system, Friedrich Fröbel. Julius was educated at the universities of Jena, Munich, and Berlin, and in 1833 became a naturalized citizen of Switzerland. from Julius Fröbel

    • It was thanks to her that kindergartens (initiated by Friedrich Fröbel) were introduced into the area. from Princess Amalia of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

    • Froebel College of Education took its name from the 19th-century German educator, and founder of Kindergarten, Friedrich Fröbel (1782 - 1852). from Froebel College of Education

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      First grade First grade (called Grade 1 in some nations) is the first grade in elementary school. It is the first school year…
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      First grade (called Grade 1 in some nations) is the first grade in elementary school. It is the first school year after kindergarten. Pupils are usually 6 to 7 years old in this grade level.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To First grade

    • While the first grade is a playgroup, the other two are of classroom education. from Kindergarten

    • Together, these two kinds of institutions enroll well over 90 percent of all preschool-age children prior to their entrance into the formal system at first grade. from Kindergarten

    • It is the last phase of this type of education, by finishing it, children go to "Primero Básico" (First grade of primary education). from Kindergarten

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    • It is the first school year after kindergarten. from First grade

    • All children begin first grade in the April after they turn six --kindergarten is growing increasingly popular but unlike the United States is not mandatory-- and starting school is considered a very important event in a child's life. from Elementary schools in Japan

    • Kindergarten was introduced to Nixon Public School in the 1960s to help better prepare students for the first grade. from Norfolk Board of Education

    • Dual language programs generally start in kindergarten or first grade and extend for at least five years, although many continue into middle school and high school. from Dual language

    • In 1974, the Sourp Hagop Armenian School was founded on Parthenais Street, starting with 37 pupils from kindergarten to first grade. from L'École Arménienne Sourp Hagop

    • The Visakha Valley School (VVS) is affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education in New Delhi under the 10+2 pattern, and has 14 levels of education from LKG-UKG, grades 1 to 10, 11 and 12. from Visakha Valley School

    • In 1997, James Chamberlain, a primary school teacher in Surrey, British Columbia, sought permission from School District 36 Surrey to use three books in his Kindergarten and Grade one classes. from Chamberlain v. Surrey School District No. 36

    • The city schools system has six elementary schools which teach Kindergarten, First Grade, Second Grade, Third Grade and Fourth Grade. from Charlottesville City Public Schools

    • The Villages Early Childhood Center and the Primary Center, which houses Kindergarten through 1st Grade of The Villages Charter Elementary School, is located at 420 Village Campus Circle. from The Villages Charter Schools

    • They have been manufactured for 4 grade levels: Pre-K, Kindergarten, first grade, and second grade. from JumpStart

    • The current program is divided into three levels with increasing emphasis on phonics: Let's Begin with the Letter People for preschool, Land of the Letter People for kindergarten, and Lives of the Letter People for first grade. from The Letter People

    • Through American Heritage's liberal-arts curriculum, students are instructed and supported by small class sizes in each of the three divisions: Pre Primary School (Pre-K through kindergarten), Lower School (grades 1 through grade 6), and Upper School (grades 7 through 12). from American Heritage School (Plantation, Florida)

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      Primary education Primary education or elementary education often in primary school or elementary school is typically the first stage…
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      Primary education or elementary education often in primary school or elementary school is typically the first stage of compulsory education, coming between early childhood education and secondary education.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Primary education

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    • The School offers primary education (Junior Kinder & Senior Kinder, Grades 1-6) and secondary education (Grade 7-9 and 4th year high school) with emphasis on Catholic religious education. from Jesus Good Shepherd School

    • Education begins at the age of 5 with kindergarten (maternelle) and grades 1-6 as elementary school (école primaire). from Education in Quebec

    • The education system is divided into Kindergarten, primary education, secondary education and tertiary education. from Education in Nigeria

    • The school has four sections: pre-kindergarten, kindergarten, primary, and secondary. from International School Brunei

    • It served kindergarten, elementary education and secondary education primarily to the expatriate community in Yokohama. from Saint Joseph College, Yokohama

    • The school is organised into three sections: Kindergarten, Primary, and Secondary. from The Cambridge School, Doha, Qatar

    • (in English, Fine Arts Core Education and in French, Formation Artistique au Coeur de l'Éducation) is a bilingual pre-kindergarten, kindergarten, elementary and high school in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. from F.A.C.E. School

    • Amery has introduced a number of private member's bills designed to extend primary education to include kindergarten, requiring school boards to provide it and making attendance compulsory. from Moe Amery

    • Primary education is conducted in three K-4th grade elementary schools; Centre Hall-Potter Township Elementary, Penns Valley Area Elementary, Rebersburg-Miles Township Elementary, and one district-wide combined 5th-6th grade Penns Valley Area Intermediate school operating concurrently with Penns Valley Area Elementary. from Penns Valley

    • The remaining Delphi schools offer only a kindergarten to middle school (K-8 or K-9) or a kindergarten to elementary school (K-6) education. from Delphi Schools

    • Education in Hamburg covers the whole spectrum from kindergarten, primary education, secondary education, and higher education in Hamburg. from Education in Hamburg

    • The institution operates a school of music, a junior college, primary and secondary schools, and a kindergarten. from Senzoku Gakuen

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      School A school is an institution designed for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers…
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      A school is an institution designed for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers. Most countries have systems of formal education, which is commonly compulsory. In these systems, students progress through a series of schools. The names for these schools vary by country (discussed in the Regional section below) but generally…

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      A school is an institution designed for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers. Most countries have systems of formal education, which is commonly compulsory. In these systems, students progress through a series of schools. The names for these schools vary by country (discussed in the Regional section below) but generally include primary school for young children and secondary school for teenagers who have completed primary education. An institution where higher education is taught, is commonly called a university college or university.
      In addition to these core schools, students in a given country may also attend schools before and after primary and secondary education. Kindergarten or pre-school provide some schooling to very young children (typically ages 3–5). University, vocational school, college or seminary may be available after secondary school. A school may also be dedicated to one particular field, such as a school of economics or a school of dance. Alternative schools may provide nontraditional curriculum and methods.
      There are also non-government schools, called private schools. Private schools may be required when the government does not supply adequate, or special education. Other private schools can also be religious, such as Christian schools, hawzas, yeshivas, and others; or schools that have a higher standard of education or seek to foster other personal achievements. Schools for adults include institutions of corporate training, Military education and training and business schools.
      In homeschooling and online schools, teaching and learning take place outside of a traditional school building.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To School

    • In North America, the term school can refer to any educational institution at any level, and covers all of the following: preschool (for toddlers), kindergarten, elementary school, middle school (also called intermediate school or junior high school, depending on specific age groups and geographic region), senior high school, college, university, and graduate school. from School

    • Kindergarten or pre-school provide some schooling to very young children (typically ages 3–5). University, vocational school, college or seminary may be available after secondary school. from School

    • A kindergarten (German , literally children's garden) is a preschool educational approach traditionally based around playing, singing, practical activities such as drawing, and social interaction as part of the transition from home to school. from Kindergarten

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    • A preschool (also nursery school, kindergarten outside USA) is a educational establishment offering early childhood education to children between the ages of three and five, or seven, prior to the commencement of compulsory education at primary school. from Preschool

    • The schoolhouse in the village centre, built about 1900, was converted in 1984 into a kindergarten for both Wahnwegen and Hüffler. from Wahnwegen

    • Also standing here is the old schoolhouse from 1825, which today houses a kindergarten and the municipal centre. from Steinbach am Glan

    • Also standing there are the school, the kindergarten and the Museumsmühle (“Museum Mill”). from Sankt Julian

    • Dickenschied also supports a music club, two kindergartens and a school in Felsőtárkány. from Dickenschied

    • Also, there is some busing to schools and kindergartens in neighbouring municipalities. from Dill, Germany

    • It provides district, school and classroom level website support for administrators, parents, teachers and students from kindergarten through 12th grade. from Edline

    • K-8 schools, elementary-middle schools, or K-8 centers are schools in the United States that enroll students from kindergarten/pre-K (age 5) through 8th grade (up to age 14), combining the typical elementary school (K-5) and junior high or middle school (6 or 7-8). from K-8 school

    • The school has a non-selective enrolment policy and currently caters for approximately 890 students from Kindergarten to Year 12. from SCEGGS Darlinghurst

    • The school has a non-selective enrolment policy and currently caters for approximately 383 students from Pre–Kindergarten (PK) to Year 12, including 40 boarders from years 5 to 12. Boys are enrolled from PK to Year 2, and girls from PK to Year 12. from Fahan School

    • The Emanuel School currently caters for approximately 700 students from Kindergarten to Year 12. from Emanuel School, Australia

    • The expansion of the city area came together with modern residential areas, nurseries, kindergartens, schools, hospitals, shopping centers, cafes and restaurants, laundries, sporting and fitness facilities, theatres, cinemas and more. from Atommash

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      Poppenhusen Institute Poppenhusen Institute is a historic building at 114—04 14th Road in College Point, Queens that housed the first…
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      Poppenhusen Institute is a historic building at 114—04 14th Road in College Point, Queens that housed the first free kindergarten in America. In addition, this institute provided the first free evening classes for adults (in America). Currently, the Institute operates as a community cultural center. The institute stands at five-stories and was constructed in a stern Victorian style.…

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      Poppenhusen Institute is a historic building at 114—04 14th Road in College Point, Queens that housed the first free kindergarten in America. In addition, this institute provided the first free evening classes for adults (in America). Currently, the Institute operates as a community cultural center. The institute stands at five-stories and was constructed in a stern Victorian style.
      The Poppenhusen Institute is similar to the Cooper Union Institute in Manhattan: the reason for this is because the so-called "home arts" and the study of machinery were principally taught free to ambitious residents of the North Shore.
      It was constructed in 1868 with private funds donated by Conrad Poppenhusen, the benefactor of College Point, New York. He began work on the institute on his 50th birthday in 1868, when he provided $100,000 to set up this project as a private educational venture: this venture remains one of the principal features of College Point. Conrad Poppenhusen, not only established this institute bearing his name, but he also founded College Point itself and brought it forth as a recognized community. Poppenhusen's zeal, ability, and civic pride brought unprecedented prosperity to College Point.
      The original charter specified that it be open to all, irrespective of race, creed or religion, giving people the opportunity to improve their lives either by preparing them for better jobs or improving their leisure time. The institute was established for vocational training and is also served in the interests of Poppenhusen to provide educational opportunities for industrial workers. This institute was also built with the purpose of teaching English and factory crafts: even though it was still teaching these classes, the English courses have been supplemented or replaced by those in French and Spanish. The reason for this was because certain individuals felt their English was good enough. In addition, there were more sophisticated classes which taught draftsmanship and machine shop techniques for local workers in electronic plants. Along with these classes, the Poppenhusen Institute contained and provided scientific and historical collections, chemical and philosophical apparatus, books, drawings, pictures, statues, and other such means of education and instruction.
      The institute housed the Justice of the Peace, the first home of the College Point Savings Bank, German Singing Societies, the first library in the area, a court room, the Sheriff's Office (2 jail cells remain today), as well as the first free kindergarten in the United States which began here on July 1, 1870."
      Furthermore, this institute was also established for the protection, care, and custody of infants under the age of five years. The institute, to this day, has survived and is well-known as a recognized trade school, enrolling about 400 men and women a year for evening classes.
      The Poppenhusen Institute also became the location in which many historical exhibits and artifacts of Queens were displayed. In 1962, around Spring time in May, the first anniversary of the opening of the College Point Historical Room commenced at the institute and included a new exhibit on "Volunteer Fire Fighting Companies at College Point. Conrad Poppenhusen started the Enterprise Engine Company Two in 1861. A group called the smokeeaters later changed the unit's name to Enterprise Hose Company and established headquarters in the barns adjoining the institute's property on 14th road: this occurred after the engine was retired from service in 1875. The exhibit displayed fire equipment used during the 1800s.
      It was added to the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1970 and then added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Poppenhusen Institute

    • Elizabeth Peabody founded America's first English-language kindergarten in 1860 and the first free kindergarten in America was founded in 1870 by Conrad Poppenhusen, a German industrialist and philanthropist, who also established the Poppenhusen Institute and the first publicly financed kindergarten in the United States was established in St. Louis in 1873 by Susan Blow. from Kindergarten

    • Poppenhusen Institute is a historic building at 114—04 14th Road in College Point, Queens that housed the first free kindergarten in America. from Poppenhusen Institute

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      Montessori education Montessori education is an educational approach developed by Italian physician and educator Maria Montessori and…
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      Montessori education is an educational approach developed by Italian physician and educator Maria Montessori and characterized by an emphasis on independence, freedom within limits, and respect for a child’s natural psychological, physical, and social development. Although a range of practices exists under the name "Montessori", the Association Montessori Internationale (AMI) and the American Montessori Society (AMS) cite these elements as essential:…

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      Montessori education is an educational approach developed by Italian physician and educator Maria Montessori and characterized by an emphasis on independence, freedom within limits, and respect for a child’s natural psychological, physical, and social development. Although a range of practices exists under the name "Montessori", the Association Montessori Internationale (AMI) and the American Montessori Society (AMS) cite these elements as essential:
      In addition, many Montessori schools design their programs with reference to Montessori's model of human development from her published works, and use pedagogy, lessons, and materials introduced in teacher training derived from courses presented by Montessori during her lifetime.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Montessori education

    • In the Waldorf and Montessori schools, children may begin kindergarten as early as age 3 to 4 and stay for several years in a play- and activities-oriented program. from Kindergarten

    • They are often run by city or town administrations, churches, or registered societies, many of which follow a certain educational approach as represented, e.g., by Montessori or Reggio Emilia or "Berliner Bildungsprogramm" or Waldorf, etc. Due to the prevalent religions present in Germany, i.e. Roman Catholic and Protestants, even in smaller townships often there are at least one catholic and one protestant kindergarten available. from Kindergarten

    • In the 1920s, the tradition of liberal education briefly reappeared, particularly at the kindergarten level, where the Montessori method attracted a following. from History of education in Japan

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    • Shortly after it was built, he allowed part of the home to be used for a new kindergarten that was the first Montessori school in the U.S. The Harden family later moved to nearby Scarborough. from Edward Harden Mansion

    • Tudor-Hart studied photography at the Bauhaus in Dessau, but worked in Vienna as a Montessori kindergarten teacher. from Edith Tudor Hart

    • A supporter of the reading program as the basis for all education, and interested in the applications of the Montessori method, she later created her own Școala de Puericutură și Educatoare (School for Puericulture and Women Educators), and was Inspector of Romanian Kindergartens. from Izabela Sadoveanu-Evan

    • The academic program runs from Junior Kindergarten or Montessori, until Grade 12. from Hillfield Strathallan College

    • In post-Independent India, schools for young children (16 Month- 5 years) are called Nursery, kindergarten or Play school which are broadly based on Montessori or Multiple Intelligence methodology of education. from Bangalore

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      First Kindergarten The First Kindergarten located in Watertown, Wisconsin was the first kindergarten to be opened in the United…
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      The First Kindergarten located in Watertown, Wisconsin was the first kindergarten to be opened in the United States. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1972.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To First Kindergarten

    • The first kindergarten in the United States was founded in Watertown, Wisconsin in 1856 and was conducted in German. from Kindergarten

    • The First Kindergarten located in Watertown, Wisconsin was the first kindergarten to be opened in the United States. from First Kindergarten

    • First Kindergarten, the first kindergarten in the United States, located on the same grounds as the Octagon House. from Octagon House (Watertown, Wisconsin)

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      Catholic Church The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.2…
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      The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.2 billion members worldwide. It is among the oldest religious institutions in the world and has played a prominent role in the history of Western civilisation. The Catholic hierarchy is headed by the Bishop of Rome, known…

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      The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.2 billion members worldwide. It is among the oldest religious institutions in the world and has played a prominent role in the history of Western civilisation. The Catholic hierarchy is headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the Pope. The Catholic Church teaches that it is the one true Church founded by Jesus Christ, that its bishops are the successors of Christ's apostles and that the Pope is the sole successor to Saint Peter who has apostolic primacy. The Church maintains that the doctrine on faith and morals that it presents as definitive is infallible.
      The Catholic Church is Trinitarian and defines its mission as spreading the Gospel of Jesus Christ, administering the sacraments and exercising charity. Catholic worship is highly liturgical, focusing on the Mass or Divine Liturgy in which the sacrament of the Eucharist is celebrated and, the Church teaches, bread and wine become the body and blood of Christ through transubstantiation. The Catholic Church practises closed communion and only baptised members of the Church deemed to be in a state of grace are ordinarily permitted to receive the Eucharist. The Latin Church, the autonomous Eastern Catholic Churches and religious communities such as the Jesuits, Mendicant orders and enclosed monastic orders reflect the variety of theological emphases within the Church.
      The Church venerates and holds in special regard Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ, and teaches that through divine intervention she gave birth to him while still a virgin. It has defined four specific Marian dogmatic teachings: her Immaculate Conception without original sin, her status as the Mother of God, her perpetual virginity and her bodily Assumption into Heaven at the end of her earthly life. Numerous Marian devotions are also practised.
      Catholic social teaching emphasises support for the sick, the poor and the afflicted through the corporal works of mercy. The Catholic Church is the largest non-government provider of education and medical services in the world. Catholic spiritual teaching emphasises spread of the Gospel message and spiritual works of mercy. In recent decades, the Church has been criticised for its doctrines concerning sexual issues and the ordination of women as well as for its handling of sexual abuse cases.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Catholic Church

    • They are often run by city or town administrations, churches, or registered societies, many of which follow a certain educational approach as represented, e.g., by Montessori or Reggio Emilia or "Berliner Bildungsprogramm" or Waldorf, etc. Due to the prevalent religions present in Germany, i.e. Roman Catholic and Protestants, even in smaller townships often there are at least one catholic and one protestant kindergarten available. from Kindergarten

    • The forester’s house built in 1914 on the road leading out of Glan-Münchweiler towards Quirnbach served after the war as a kindergarten owned by the Catholic Church, although it is now under private ownership. from Glan-Münchweiler

    • The Government and the Roman Catholic and Moravian Churches provide education for kindergarten through secondary school. from Education in Suriname

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    • A Kindergarten through 5 Roman Catholic school called St. Philip Neri School, of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston, is in the area. from Sunnyside, Houston

    • The Our Lady of Guadalupe School, a Kindergarten through 8 Roman Catholic school that is a part of the Our Lady of Guadalupe Church, Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston, is in the Second Ward area. from Second Ward, Houston

    • In the constituent community of Hausen, three municipal kindergartens and one Catholic one are available. from Obertshausen

    • A Kindergarten through 8 Roman Catholic school called Our Mother of Mercy School, the school of the Our Mother of Mercy Catholic Church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston, was in the area. from Fifth Ward, Houston

    • There are also 6 Roman Catholic and 5 urban Kindergartens to choose from for the parents of the city's youngest citizens. from Bad Wurzach

    • Abington is also home to Saint Bridgets School, a Catholic parochial school along Route 58, which offers a pre-school program and enrolls students from kindergarten through eighth grade. from Abington, Massachusetts

    • A Kindergarten through 5 Roman Catholic school called St. Philip Neri School, of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston, was in the area. from South Park, Houston

    • Lafayette is home to a large Roman Catholic population and, because of this, Lafayette Parish has many private parochial schools, with grades from kindergarten through twelfth grade. from Lafayette, Louisiana

    • The Catholic Church sponsors several schools in the city, including Great Falls Montessori (grades Pre-K to K), Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic School (Pre-K to grade 8), Holy Spirit Catholic School (Pre-K to grade 8), and Great Falls Central Catholic High School (grades 9 to 12). from Great Falls, Montana

    • The town is also home to Saint Joseph's School, a Roman Catholic parochial school which provides an education to kindergarteners through eighth-graders. from Fairhaven, Massachusetts

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      Susan Blow Susan Elizabeth Blow (June 7, 1843 in Carondelet, St. Louis, Missouri – March 27, 1916 in New York City, New York)…
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      Susan Elizabeth Blow (June 7, 1843 in Carondelet, St. Louis, Missouri – March 27, 1916 in New York City, New York) was a United States educator who opened the first successful public Kindergarten in the United States. She is known as the "Mother of Kindergarten".

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Susan Blow

    • Elizabeth Peabody founded America's first English-language kindergarten in 1860 and the first free kindergarten in America was founded in 1870 by Conrad Poppenhusen, a German industrialist and philanthropist, who also established the Poppenhusen Institute and the first publicly financed kindergarten in the United States was established in St. Louis in 1873 by Susan Blow. from Kindergarten

    • Susan Elizabeth Blow (June 7, 1843 in Carondelet, St. Louis, Missouri – March 27, 1916 in New York City, New York) was a United States educator who opened the first successful public Kindergarten in the United States. from Susan Blow

    • St. Louis educators established the first public kindergarten in the United States, under the instruction of Susan Blow in 1874. from History of St. Louis

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    • Subsequently, at other locations, Yamashita and his wife Fude gave lessons to prominent American women, to include Martha Blow Wadsworth (sister of Kindergarten pioneer Susan Blow), Hallie Elkins (wife of Senator Stephen Benton Elkins), and Grace Davis Lee (Hallie Elkins' sister), and their children. from Yamashita Yoshiaki

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      Elizabeth Peabody Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (May 16, 1804 – January 3, 1894) was an American educator who opened the first…
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      Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (May 16, 1804 – January 3, 1894) was an American educator who opened the first English-language kindergarten in the United States. Long before most educators, Peabody embraced the premise that children's play has intrinsic developmental and educational value.…

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      Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (May 16, 1804 – January 3, 1894) was an American educator who opened the first English-language kindergarten in the United States. Long before most educators, Peabody embraced the premise that children's play has intrinsic developmental and educational value.
      Peabody also served as the translator for the first English version of a Buddhist scripture which was published in 1844.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Elizabeth Peabody

    • Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (May 16, 1804 – January 3, 1894) was an American educator who opened the first English-language kindergarten in the United States. from Elizabeth Peabody

    • Elizabeth Peabody founded America's first English-language kindergarten in 1860 and the first free kindergarten in America was founded in 1870 by Conrad Poppenhusen, a German industrialist and philanthropist, who also established the Poppenhusen Institute and the first publicly financed kindergarten in the United States was established in St. Louis in 1873 by Susan Blow. from Kindergarten

    • Taking over for Louisa in 1861, May taught at the first Kindergarten founded by Elizabeth Palmer Peabody for a month before returning to her own work. from Abigail May Alcott Nieriker

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    • Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (1804–1894), American educator who opened the first English-language kindergarten in the United States. from Boston Brahmin

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      States of Germany Germany is made up of sixteen states, known as Länder (singular Land). Since Germany has a federal constitution…
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      Germany is made up of sixteen states, known as Länder (singular Land). Since Germany has a federal constitution, the constituent states retain a measure of sovereignty. With an emphasis on geographical conditions, Berlin and Hamburg are frequently called Stadtstaaten (city-states), as is the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, which in fact includes the cities of Bremen and Bremerhaven. The remaining 13 states are called Flächenländer (literally: area states).…

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      Germany is made up of sixteen states, known as Länder (singular Land). Since Germany has a federal constitution, the constituent states retain a measure of sovereignty. With an emphasis on geographical conditions, Berlin and Hamburg are frequently called Stadtstaaten (city-states), as is the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, which in fact includes the cities of Bremen and Bremerhaven. The remaining 13 states are called Flächenländer (literally: area states).
      The creation of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949 was through the unification of the western states (which were previously under American, British, and French administration) created in the aftermath of World War II. Initially, in 1949, the states of the Federal Republic were Baden, Bavaria, Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Lower Saxony, North Rhine Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, Schleswig-Holstein, Württemberg-Baden, and Württemberg-Hohenzollern. West Berlin, while officially not part of the Federal Republic, was largely integrated as a de facto-Land.
      In 1952, following a referendum, Baden, Württemberg-Baden, and Württemberg-Hohenzollern merged into Baden-Württemberg. In 1957, the Saarland, also by public vote, rejoined western Germany. Reunification (with the DDR, East Germany, declaring accession into the Federal Republic) in 1990 then resulted in the addition of the eastern states of Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Thuringia (through the re-division of eastern Germany into various states prior to accession) as well as the reunification of Berlin and its establishment as a full and equal Land. A plebiscite to unite Berlin with surrounding Brandenburg failed in 1996.
      Federalism is one of the entrenched constitutional principles of the Federal Republic of Germany. According to the German constitution, some topics, such as foreign affairs and defence, are the exclusive responsibility of the federation (i.e the federal level), while others fall under the shared authority of the states and the federation; the states retain residual legislative authority for all other areas, including "culture", which in Germany includes not only topics such as subsidies for the arts but also most forms of education. Though international relations including international treaties are primarily the responsibility of the federal level, the constituent states have limited powers in this area: in matters that affect them, the states have the right to representation at the federal level (i.e. through the Bundesrat) and in areas where they have legislative authority they have limited powers to conclude international treaties with the consent of the federal government.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To States of Germany

    • Both systems are handled differently in each German state. from Kindergarten

    • The club is supported by the town of Limburg and the Bundesland of Hesse and offers among other things a parents' service that looks after children, a broad array of course offerings for children and adults, a miniature kindergarten and a café. from Limburg an der Lahn

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      Reception (school) Reception, Primary 1, or FS2 (foundation second year) is the first year of primary school in the United Kingdom…
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      Reception, Primary 1, or FS2 (foundation second year) is the first year of primary school in the United Kingdom (except Scotland) and South Australia. It is preceded by nursery and is followed by Year One in England and Wales or Primary 2 in Northern Ireland.…

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      Reception, Primary 1, or FS2 (foundation second year) is the first year of primary school in the United Kingdom (except Scotland) and South Australia. It is preceded by nursery and is followed by Year One in England and Wales or Primary 2 in Northern Ireland.
      Pupils in Reception are usually aged between four and five. Children start school either in the term or in the year in which they reach five, depending on the policy of the Local Education Authority. Reception is the final part of the Foundation Stage of education.
      Most areas admit entire year groups in September, regardless of which month they were born in, meaning that some pupils will be starting primary school in the month of their fifth birthday, while others will be 11 months away from this milestone.
      Other areas admit Reception pupils in the term of their fifth birthday, while some admit pupils in September if they were born between September and February, and in January if they were born between March and August.
      There is no reception year in Scotland as children progress directly from Nursery to Primary 1 (equivalent to English Year One) in the August nearest their fifth birthday. Generally this means that a complete intake into P1 ranges from four and a half to five and a half years old. It is also possible for parents of children born in January and February to defer admission by one year, so as they start at five and half rather than four and a half.
      Previously, children in England and Wales had started school later than children in Northern Ireland, where the starting age was generally four, dependent on the date of the child's birthday.
      In Northern Ireland, this is the year children start Primary 1.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Reception (school)

    • The first year of compulsory schooling is known as Reception in England, Dosbarth Derbyn in Welsh and Primary One in Scotland and Northern Ireland. from Kindergarten

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      Reggio Emilia approach The Reggio Emilia Approach is an educational philosophy focused on preschool and primary education. It was…
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      The Reggio Emilia Approach is an educational philosophy focused on preschool and primary education. It was developed by Loris Malaguzzi, who was a teacher himself, and the parents of the villages around Reggio Emilia in Italy after World War II. After such a great and destructive event, people believed that children were in need of…

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      The Reggio Emilia Approach is an educational philosophy focused on preschool and primary education. It was developed by Loris Malaguzzi, who was a teacher himself, and the parents of the villages around Reggio Emilia in Italy after World War II. After such a great and destructive event, people believed that children were in need of a new way of learning: the assumption was that people form their own personality during early years of development and, moreover, that children are endowed with "a hundred languages". The aim of this approach is teaching how to make them useful in everyday life. The program is based on the principles of respect, responsibility, and community through exploration and discovery in a supportive and enriching environment based on the interests of the children through a self-guided curriculum.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Reggio Emilia approach

    • In Italy, much effort has been spent on developing a pedagogical approach to children's care: well known is the so-called Reggio Approach (after the name of Reggio Emilia city, in Emilia-Romagna). from Kindergarten

    • They are often run by city or town administrations, churches, or registered societies, many of which follow a certain educational approach as represented, e.g., by Montessori or Reggio Emilia or "Berliner Bildungsprogramm" or Waldorf, etc. Due to the prevalent religions present in Germany, i.e. Roman Catholic and Protestants, even in smaller townships often there are at least one catholic and one protestant kindergarten available. from Kindergarten

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      Forest kindergarten A forest kindergarten is a type of preschool education for children between the ages of three and six that is held…
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      A forest kindergarten is a type of preschool education for children between the ages of three and six that is held almost exclusively outdoors. Whatever the weather, children are encouraged to play, explore and learn in a forest or natural environment. The adult supervision is meant to assist rather than lead. It is also known as Waldkindergarten (in German), outdoor nursery, nature kindergarten, or nature preschool.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Forest kindergarten

    • However, the word "kindergarten" is used for more specialist organisations such as forest kindergartens, and is sometimes used in the naming of private nurseries that provide full-day child care for working parents. from Kindergarten

    • Forest kindergartens are well established. from Kindergarten

    • Denmark is credited with pioneering (although not inventing) forest kindergartens, in which children spend most of every day outside in a natural environment. from Kindergarten

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    • A forest kindergarten can be described as a kindergarten "without a ceiling or walls". from Forest kindergarten

    • Since February 1999, a forest kindergarten has been part of the local kindergarten, which is also attended by children from neighbouring places. from Niederöfflingen

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      Elizabeth Harrison (educator) Elizabeth Harrison (September 1, 1849 - October 31, 1927) was an American educator. She was the founder and first…
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      Elizabeth Harrison (September 1, 1849 - October 31, 1927) was an American educator. She was the founder and first president of what is today National Louis University. Harrison was a pioneer in creating professional standards for early childhood teachers and in promoting early childhood education.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Elizabeth Harrison (educator)

    • Elizabeth Harrison wrote extensively on the theory of early childhood education and worked to enhance educational standards for kindergarten teachers by establishing what became the National College of Education in 1886. from Kindergarten

    • After encountering the early kindergarten movement in Chicago in the 1870s, Harrison sought training in St. Louis and New York. from Elizabeth Harrison (educator)

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      Conrad Poppenhusen Conrad Poppenhusen (1818-1883) was a German American philanthropist, entrepreneur, founder of College Point…
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      Conrad Poppenhusen (1818-1883) was a German American philanthropist, entrepreneur, founder of College Point, Queens, and founder of the first free kindergarten in the United States, on July 1, 1870.…

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      Conrad Poppenhusen (1818-1883) was a German American philanthropist, entrepreneur, founder of College Point, Queens, and founder of the first free kindergarten in the United States, on July 1, 1870.
      Poppenhusen was born in Hamburg, Germany in 1818 and worked for a whalebone purchaser before immigrating to the United States in 1843 to start a whalebone processing plant in Brooklyn. In 1852 Poppenhusen received a license from Charles Goodyear to produce hard rubber products, and then moved the company to a small rural village in Queens.
      College Point was founded in 1870 when Poppenhusen incorporated the neighborhoods of Flammersburg and Strattonport together. For his workers in the area, Poppenhusen built housing, the First Reformed Church, and numerous streets.
      In 1868 Poppenhusen founded the Flushing and North Side Railroad, which connected College Point and Flushing with ferries to Manhattan. (Today the tracks connect to Manhattan directly via tunnels, but no longer to College Point). In that same year he also founded the Poppenhusen Institute, containing a vocational high school and in 1870, added the free kindergarten.
      After Poppenhusen retired in 1871, his three sons lost much of his fortune, and he declared bankruptcy. Conrad Poppenhusen died in College Point in 1883 and was memorialized by the community with a statue in Poppenhusen Park in 1884. His remains were stored temporarily in nearby Flushing Cemetery and were then shipped months later to his native Germany where they were buried in Ohlsdorf Cemetery in Hamburg.
      The College Point branch of the Queens Library, built in 1904, bears his name.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Conrad Poppenhusen

    • Elizabeth Peabody founded America's first English-language kindergarten in 1860 and the first free kindergarten in America was founded in 1870 by Conrad Poppenhusen, a German industrialist and philanthropist, who also established the Poppenhusen Institute and the first publicly financed kindergarten in the United States was established in St. Louis in 1873 by Susan Blow. from Kindergarten

    • Conrad Poppenhusen (1818-1883) was a German American philanthropist, entrepreneur, founder of College Point, Queens, and founder of the first free kindergarten in the United States, on July 1, 1870. from Conrad Poppenhusen

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      Early childhood education Early childhood education is a branch of educational theory which relates to the teaching of young children up…
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      Early childhood education is a branch of educational theory which relates to the teaching of young children up until the age of about eight, with a particular focus on education, notable in the period before the start of compulsory education.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Early childhood education

    • Elizabeth Harrison wrote extensively on the theory of early childhood education and worked to enhance educational standards for kindergarten teachers by establishing what became the National College of Education in 1886. from Kindergarten

    • A preschool (also nursery school, kindergarten outside USA) is a educational establishment offering early childhood education to children between the ages of three and five, or seven, prior to the commencement of compulsory education at primary school. from Preschool

    • The HighScope early childhood education approach, used in preschool, kindergarten, childcare, or elementary school settings, was developed in Ypsilanti, Michigan in the 1960s. from HighScope

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    • Examples include early childhood education, kindergarten through to 12th grade, two and four year colleges or universities, graduate and professional education, adult education and job training. from Education policy

    • To a greater or lesser degree, ideas from these experiments and challenges to the system may in time be adopted by the mainstream, as to a large degree has happened with kindergarten, an experimental approach to early childhood education developed by Friedrich Fröbel in 19th century Germany. from Education

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      State school State schools (also known outside the UK as Public schools) generally refer to primary or secondary schools…
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      State schools (also known outside the UK as Public schools) generally refer to primary or secondary schools mandated for or offered to all children without charge, funded in whole or in part by taxation. The term may also refer to public institutions of post-secondary education.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To State school

    • Previous nursery is optional, and may be offered in either private schools or public schools. from Kindergarten

    • Public school is normally split up into three stages: elementary school (kindergarten to 5th or 6th grade), middle ("intermediate" or junior high school) from 5th, 6th, or 7th grade to 8th or 9th grade, and high school (9th or 10th to 12th grade). from State school

    • Many parents start sending their children earlier though, around age 3 as kindergarten classes (maternelle) are usually affiliated to a borough's (commune) primary school. from State school

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    • State education includes basic education, kindergarten to twelfth grade, also referred to as primary and secondary education, as well as post-secondary educational institutions such as universities, colleges, and technical schools funded and overseen by government rather than private entities. from State school

    • From kindergarten through high school, the mathematics education in public schools in the United States has historically varied widely from state to state, and often even varies considerably within individual states. from Mathematics education in the United States

    • Mohawk is home to McDonald Elementary School, a Greene County public school that includes kindergarten through grade 8. from Mohawk, Tennessee

    • William G. Stewart Elementary School is a defunct elementary school, which formerly served the western portion of the small city of Minden, the seat of Webster Parish in northwestern Louisiana, with public school pre-kindergarten through fifth grade. from William G. Stewart Elementary School

    • Stirling School, is a public school that covers kindergarten through high school (K-12) located in Stirling, Alberta, Canada in the Westwind School Division No. 74. from Stirling School

    • Children in Ashland now attend public schools in Goldonna and Campti, with kindergarten through eighth grades attending Goldonna Elementary and Junior High School and ninth through twelfth grades assigned to Lakeview High School on Louisiana Highway 9 north of Campti. from Ashland High School (Ashland, Louisiana)

    • Ashland High School was a rural public kindergarten-grade 12 primary and secondary educational institution located in the village of Ashland in northern Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana from 1907 until its closing in 1981. from Ashland High School (Ashland, Louisiana)

    • Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills or TEKS are the state standards for Texas public schools from kindergarten to year 12. from Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills

    • David H. Wolfle is a Kindergarten through 5th grade public school in Kingston, Washington. from North Kitsap School District

    • Richard F. Gordon Elementary School is a Kindergarten through 5th grade public school in Kingston, Washington. Gordon Elementary is the location of the regular and two additional programs that students from the North Kitsap School District can attend. from North Kitsap School District

    • Burris Laboratory School is a kindergarten through twelfth grade public laboratory school located on the west side of Muncie, Indiana. from Burris Laboratory School

    • Manotick Public School - The only public elementary school in Manotick, teaches kindergarten to grade 5 in English and French. from Manotick

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      Bad Blankenburg Bad Blankenburg (German pronunciation: [bat ˈblaŋkənbʊʁk] ( )) is a spa town in the district of…
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      Bad Blankenburg (German pronunciation: [bat ˈblaŋkənbʊʁk] ( )) is a spa town in the district of Saalfeld-Rudolstadt, in Thuringia, Germany. It is situated 6 km southwest of Rudolstadt, and 37 km southeast of Erfurt. It is most famous for being the location of the first kindergarten of Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel, in 1837.…

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      Bad Blankenburg (German pronunciation: [bat ˈblaŋkənbʊʁk] ( )) is a spa town in the district of Saalfeld-Rudolstadt, in Thuringia, Germany. It is situated 6 km southwest of Rudolstadt, and 37 km southeast of Erfurt. It is most famous for being the location of the first kindergarten of Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel, in 1837.
      To the north of it, on an eminence, rise the fine ruins of the castle of Greifenstein, built by the German king Henry I, and from 1275 to 1583 the seat of a cadet branch of the counts of Schwarzburg.
      In the nineteenth century, Bad Blankenburg was part of the small principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.
      Bad Blankenburg is the headquarters of Deutsche Evangelische Allianz, the net of copperation of most Protestant churches in Germany.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Bad Blankenburg

    • Friedrich Fröbel (1782–1852) opened a Play and Activity institute in 1837 in the village of Bad Blankenburg in the principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Thuringia, as an experimental social experience for children entering school. from Kindergarten

    • It is most famous for being the location of the first kindergarten of Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel, in 1837. from Bad Blankenburg

    • In 1840 he coined the word kindergarten for the Play and Activity Institute he had founded in 1837 at Bad Blankenburg for young children, together with Wilhelm Middendorf and Heinrich Langethal. from Friedrich Fröbel

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    • They were first used in the original Kindergarten at Bad Blankenburg. from Froebel Gifts

    • Friedrich Fröbel (1782–1852) opened a Play and Activity institute in 1837 in the village of Bad Blankenburg in the principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Thuringia, which he renamed Kindergarten on June 28, 1840. from Preschool

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      K–12 (education) K–12 (spoken as "k twelve", "k through twelve", or "k to twelve") is a term for the sum of primary and secondary…
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      K–12 (spoken as "k twelve", "k through twelve", or "k to twelve") is a term for the sum of primary and secondary education. It is used in the United States, Canada, Turkey, the Philippines, and Australia. P–12 is also occasionally used in Australia. The expression is a shortening of kindergarten (K) for 4- to 6-year-olds through twelfth grade (12) for 17- to 19-year-olds, the first and last grades of free education in these countries, respectively.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To K–12 (education)

    • In the United States, kindergarten is usually part of the K-12 educational system. from Kindergarten

    • The expression is a shortening of kindergarten (K) for 4- to 6-year-olds through twelfth grade (12) for 17- to 19-year-olds, the first and last grades of free education in these countries, respectively. from K–12 (education)

    • Primary and secondary education under the header of K-12 education (K is for kindergarten, 12 is for grade 12). from Education in Saskatchewan

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    • It includes all grades from kindergarten all through high school (K-12). from Alpine School District

    • For the 2013–14 school year, the school district serves approximately 84,000 students of grades pre-k to 12 with a total of 195 schools and programs (1 pre-k/kindergarten school, 54 elementary schools, 75 elementary/middle schools, 9 middle schools, 17 middle/high schools, 31 high schools, 1 elementary/middle/high school and 7 programs). from Baltimore City Public Schools

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      Suddaby Public School Suddaby Public School, originally known as Central School, is a public elementary school in Kitchener, Ontario…
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      Suddaby Public School, originally known as Central School, is a public elementary school in Kitchener, Ontario (formerly known as Berlin). It is located at 171 Frederick Street, in the city's downtown. It serves grades Junior Kindergarten (JK) through grade 6.…

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      Suddaby Public School, originally known as Central School, is a public elementary school in Kitchener, Ontario (formerly known as Berlin). It is located at 171 Frederick Street, in the city's downtown. It serves grades Junior Kindergarten (JK) through grade 6.
      The school building opened in January 1857, and its first principal was Alex Young. Initially, the school building also accommodated the Berlin Grammar School (later the Berlin High School, now Kitchener-Waterloo Collegiate and Vocational School) in the second-floor room in the northeast corner of the building. In 1871, due to the growth in population of Berlin and due to school attendance having been made mandatory in Ontario, the school became quite crowded and the high school relocated elsewhere. Attendance continued to increase, and classes had to be held in Berlin's fire hall in 1874. In 1876, a four-room addition was built at the back of the school.
      In 1877, Ontario's Minister of Education chose the school as a model school for the training of third class teachers. At that time Alex Young stepped down as principal and was replaced by Jeremiah Suddaby. In 1882, the first kindergarten in Ontario, taught by Miss Janet Metcalfe, was opened at the school. In 1886, accommodations again became inadequate. The Berlin Public School Board decided to resolve this problem by opening new schools—Agnes Street School (now King Edward Public School) in 1886, Courtland Avenue Public School in 1890, and Margaret Avenue Public School in 1894. The concept of model schools came to an end in 1908. Suddaby remained principal until his death in 1910, at which point the school was renamed in his honour.
      In 1921 plans were made for a large addition to the school. The cornerstone of the new building was laid on June 10, 1922, and the addition was formally opened on September 24, 1923.
      The school celebrated its 100th anniversary in 1957. At that time, the school's original bell was donated to Doon Heritage Crossroads.
      On November 17, 1980, the school building was designated as a heritage property by Kitchener's city council under the provisions of the Ontario Heritage Act. The designation noted the facade, the archway between the main foyer, the archway between the main foyer and the original kindergarten, and the oil painting of Jeremiah Suddaby that was painted in 1912 by A. Y. Jackson, one of the original members of the Group of Seven.
      The basement was home to a special-ed program called McQuarrie Enrichment Program. Unfortunately, the McQuarrie Enrichment Program was transferred to Cederbrae Public School and A.R. Kaufman Public School in 2011.
      The school's most famous alumnus is William Lyon Mackenzie King, former Prime Minister of Canada.

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      Waldorf education Waldorf (Steiner) education is a humanistic approach to pedagogy based on the educational philosophy of the…
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      Waldorf (Steiner) education is a humanistic approach to pedagogy based on the educational philosophy of the Austrian philosopher Rudolf Steiner, the founder of anthroposophy. The first Waldorf school opened in 1919 in Stuttgart, Germany. At present there are 1,039 independent Waldorf schools, 2,000 kindergartens and 646 centers for special education, located in 60 countries. There are also Waldorf-based state schools, charter schools and academies, and homeschooling environments.…

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      Waldorf (Steiner) education is a humanistic approach to pedagogy based on the educational philosophy of the Austrian philosopher Rudolf Steiner, the founder of anthroposophy. The first Waldorf school opened in 1919 in Stuttgart, Germany. At present there are 1,039 independent Waldorf schools, 2,000 kindergartens and 646 centers for special education, located in 60 countries. There are also Waldorf-based state schools, charter schools and academies, and homeschooling environments.
      Waldorf pedagogy distinguishes three broad stages in child development. The early years education focuses on providing practical, hands-on activities and environments that encourage creative play. In the elementary school, the emphasis is on developing pupils' artistic expression and social capacities, fostering both creative and analytical modes of understanding. Secondary education focuses on developing critical understanding and fostering idealism. Throughout, the approach stresses the role of the imagination in learning and places a strong value on integrating intellectual, practical, and artistic themes.
      The educational philosophy's overarching goal is to develop free, morally responsible, and integrated individuals equipped with a high degree of social competence. Teachers generally emphasize formative (qualitative) over summative (quantitative) assessment methods. The schools have a high degree of autonomy to decide how best to construct their curricula and govern themselves.
      The Waldorf method is a large independent alternative education movement, which has a worldwide following. In Central Europe, where most of the schools are located, the Waldorf approach has achieved general acceptance as a model of alternative education. Waldorf education has influenced mainstream education in Europe and Waldorf schools and teacher training programs are funded through the state in many European countries. Public funding of Waldorf schools in some English speaking countries has been controversial, with questions being raised about the role of religious and spiritual content in or underlying the curriculum, and whether the science curriculum, which has achieved notable results, also includes pseudoscience and/or promotes homeopathy. The Waldorf movement has said that concerns over its stance on these matters are unfounded.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Waldorf education

    • In the Waldorf and Montessori schools, children may begin kindergarten as early as age 3 to 4 and stay for several years in a play- and activities-oriented program. from Kindergarten

    • In addition, there are two communal and two Lutheran kindergartens, and one private Waldorf kindergarten. from Kandern

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      Watertown, Wisconsin Watertown is a city in Dodge and Jefferson counties in the US state of Wisconsin. Most of the city's population is…
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      Watertown is a city in Dodge and Jefferson counties in the US state of Wisconsin. Most of the city's population is in Jefferson County. Division Street, several blocks north of downtown, marks the county line. The population of Watertown was 23,861 at the 2010 census. Of this, 15,402 were in Jefferson County, and 8,459 were in Dodge County.…

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      Watertown is a city in Dodge and Jefferson counties in the US state of Wisconsin. Most of the city's population is in Jefferson County. Division Street, several blocks north of downtown, marks the county line. The population of Watertown was 23,861 at the 2010 census. Of this, 15,402 were in Jefferson County, and 8,459 were in Dodge County.
      Watertown is the largest city in the Watertown-Fort Atkinson micropolitan area, which also includes Johnson Creek and Jefferson.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Watertown, Wisconsin

    • The first kindergarten in the United States was founded in Watertown, Wisconsin in 1856 and was conducted in German. from Kindergarten

    • The First Kindergarten located in Watertown, Wisconsin was the first kindergarten to be opened in the United States. from First Kindergarten

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      Playground A playground, playpark, or play area is a place with a specific design to allow children to play there. It may be…
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      A playground, playpark, or play area is a place with a specific design to allow children to play there. It may be indoors but is typically outdoors (where it may be called a tot lot in some regions). While a playground is usually designed for children, some playgrounds are designed for other age groups. Berlin's…

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      A playground, playpark, or play area is a place with a specific design to allow children to play there. It may be indoors but is typically outdoors (where it may be called a tot lot in some regions). While a playground is usually designed for children, some playgrounds are designed for other age groups. Berlin's Preußenpark for example is designed for senior adults age 70 or higher. It is possible for a playground to exclude children if they are below the required age for entrance.
      Modern playgrounds often have recreational equipment such as the seesaw, merry-go-round, swingset, slide, jungle gym, chin-up bars, sandbox, spring rider, monkey bars, overhead ladder, trapeze rings, playhouses, and mazes, many of which help children develop physical coordination, strength, and flexibility, as well as providing recreation and enjoyment. Common in modern playgrounds are play structures that link many different pieces of equipment.
      Playgrounds often also have facilities for playing informal games of adult sports, such as a baseball diamond, a skating arena, a basketball court, or a tether ball.
      Public playground equipment refers to equipment intended for use in the play areas of parks, schools, child care facilities, institutions, multiple family dwellings, restaurants, resorts, and recreational developments, and other areas of public use.
      A type of playground called a playscape is designed to provide a safe environment for play in a natural setting.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Playground

    • He is credited with inventing the playground. from Kindergarten

    • A newer residential area with a big new building zone with a fire station, a kindergarten and a playground stretches beneath a mountain slope on the Ohmbach’s left bank. from Ohmbach

    • Typical public service structures include secondary schools, pre-school establishments (usually combined kindergarten and nursery), grocery stores, personal service shops, cafeterias, clubs, playgrounds, and building maintenance offices, as well as a number of specialized shops. from Microdistrict

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      Pre-school playgroup A pre-school playgroup, or in everyday usage just a playgroup, is an organised group providing care and…
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      A pre-school playgroup, or in everyday usage just a playgroup, is an organised group providing care and socialisation for children under five. The term is widely used in the United Kingdom. Playgroups are less formal than the pre-school education of nursery schools. They do not provide full-time care, operating for only a few hours a…

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      A pre-school playgroup, or in everyday usage just a playgroup, is an organised group providing care and socialisation for children under five. The term is widely used in the United Kingdom. Playgroups are less formal than the pre-school education of nursery schools. They do not provide full-time care, operating for only a few hours a day during school term time, often in the mornings only. They are staffed by nursery nurses or volunteers, not by nursery teachers, and are run by private individuals or charities, rather than by the state or companies.
      In the United Kingdom, since around the 1980s, the traditional territory of the playgroup has been encroached on by the expansion of more formal nursery education, and playgroups often now cater only for two and three year olds before they move onto a nursery school. Over the same period there has been an increase in the state supervision of playgroups.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Pre-school playgroup

    • The term kindergarten is rarely used in Britain to describe pre-school education; pre-schools are usually known as nursery schools or playgroups. from Kindergarten

    • While the first grade is a playgroup, the other two are of classroom education. from Kindergarten

    • For children of ages three (and some until ages of four), there are Pre-school playgroups for them. from Kindergarten

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    • In post-Independent India, schools for young children (16 Month- 5 years) are called Nursery, kindergarten or Play school which are broadly based on Montessori or Multiple Intelligence methodology of education. from Bangalore

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      Teréz Brunszvik Countess Teréz Brunszvik de Korompa (Therese Countess von Brunsvik or Brunswick) (July 27, 1775, Pozsony, Kingdom…
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      Countess Teréz Brunszvik de Korompa (Therese Countess von Brunsvik or Brunswick) (July 27, 1775, Pozsony, Kingdom of Hungary – September 23, 1861, Pest, Kingdom of Hungary) was a member of the Hungarian nobility, pedagoge and a follower of the Swiss Pestalozzi. Her father was the Hungarian count Anton Brunszvick and her mother was the baroness Anna Seeberg.; her siblings were Franz, Josephine and Charlotte.…

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      Countess Teréz Brunszvik de Korompa (Therese Countess von Brunsvik or Brunswick) (July 27, 1775, Pozsony, Kingdom of Hungary – September 23, 1861, Pest, Kingdom of Hungary) was a member of the Hungarian nobility, pedagoge and a follower of the Swiss Pestalozzi. Her father was the Hungarian count Anton Brunszvick and her mother was the baroness Anna Seeberg.; her siblings were Franz, Josephine and Charlotte.
      She was the founder of nursery schools in Hungary on July 1, 1828, after Robert Owen's example set in New Lanark, Scotland in 1816. Soon the pre-school institution became famous all over Hungary and in 1837, Friedrich Fröbel founded the first "kindergarten" in Germany. She launched the Women's Association in Buda and Pest and initiated an institution for educating women and consistently supported their equality.
      One of Ludwig van Beethoven's students, Therese was the dedicatee for his Piano Sonata No. 24 in F♯ major, Opus 78, nicknamed "A Thérèse", and some scholars and writers have speculated that she - not her sister Josephine - may have been the "Immortal Beloved". Her memoirs were first published by La Mara, and her diaries and notes (up to 1813) by Marianne Czeke, both revealing much about the relations between Beethoven and the Brunsvik family, in particular her sister Josephine.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Teréz Brunszvik

    • Countess Theresa Brunszvik (1775–1861), who had known and been influenced by Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, was influenced by this example to open an Angyalkert ('angel garden' in Hungarian) on May 27, 1828 in her residence in Buda, the first of eleven care centers that she founded for young children. from Kindergarten

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      Samuel Wilderspin Samuel Wilderspin (23 March 1791, London – 1866) was an English educationist known for his pioneering work on…
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      Samuel Wilderspin (23 March 1791, London – 1866) was an English educationist known for his pioneering work on infant schools. His belief was that a child should be encouraged to learn through experience, and to development in feelings as well as intellect. His work provided the model for infant schools in Europe and North America.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Samuel Wilderspin

    • Samuel Wilderspin opened his first infant school in London in 1819, and went on to establish hundreds more. from Kindergarten

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      Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (January 12, 1746 – February 17, 1827) was a Swiss pedagogue and educational reformer…
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      Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (January 12, 1746 – February 17, 1827) was a Swiss pedagogue and educational reformer who exemplified Romanticism in his approach.…

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      Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (January 12, 1746 – February 17, 1827) was a Swiss pedagogue and educational reformer who exemplified Romanticism in his approach.
      He founded several educational institutions both in German- and French-speaking regions of Switzerland and wrote many works explaining his revolutionary modern principles of education. His motto was "Learning by head, hand and heart". Thanks to Pestalozzi, illiteracy in 18th-century Switzerland was overcome almost completely by 1830.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi

    • Countess Theresa Brunszvik (1775–1861), who had known and been influenced by Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, was influenced by this example to open an Angyalkert ('angel garden' in Hungarian) on May 27, 1828 in her residence in Buda, the first of eleven care centers that she founded for young children. from Kindergarten

    • His ideas were rarely implemented directly, but were influential on later thinkers, particularly Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi and Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel, the inventor of the kindergarten. from Education reform

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      Foundation Stage Foundation Stage is the British government label for education of pupils aged 3 to 5 in England. In Northern…
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      Foundation Stage is the British government label for education of pupils aged 3 to 5 in England. In Northern Ireland, it is also used to refer to the first two years of compulsory education for pupils aged 4 to 6.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Foundation Stage

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      Infant school An Infant school is a term used primarily in England and Wales for school for children between the ages of four and…
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      An Infant school is a term used primarily in England and Wales for school for children between the ages of four and seven years. It is usually a small school serving a particular locality.…

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      An Infant school is a term used primarily in England and Wales for school for children between the ages of four and seven years. It is usually a small school serving a particular locality.
      An infant school forms part of the local pattern of provision for primary education. In England and Wales children start at infant school between the ages of four and five in a Reception class. They sometimes attend part-time (mornings only or afternoons only) for the first term or two. Reception is not compulsory (like Nursery). Pupils then transfer to Year One in the September following their fifth birthday, and to Year Two the following year. These two years form Key Stage 1 in the English education system. At the end of this time, pupils will move to a linked junior school.
      In some areas of England, provision of education at this age is made in First schools catering for pupils aged up to eight or nine. In some parts of the Welsh valleys a child can attend infants school from the day after their third birthday.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Infant school

    • Some nurseries are attached to state infant or primary schools, but many are provided by the private sector. from Kindergarten

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      J. F. Oberlin J. F. Oberlin (August 31, 1740 – June 1, 1826) was a French pastor from Alsace and a philanthropist. He has been…
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      J. F. Oberlin (August 31, 1740 – June 1, 1826) was a French pastor from Alsace and a philanthropist. He has been known as John Frederic(k) Oberlin in English, Jean-Frédéric Oberlin in French, and Johann Friedrich Oberlin in German.…

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      J. F. Oberlin (August 31, 1740 – June 1, 1826) was a French pastor from Alsace and a philanthropist. He has been known as John Frederic(k) Oberlin in English, Jean-Frédéric Oberlin in French, and Johann Friedrich Oberlin in German.
      Oberlin College, an American liberal arts college in Ohio, was named for him upon its founding in 1833. Obirin University in Tokyo, Japan, which was named for Oberlin College, also bears a variant form of his name.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To J. F. Oberlin

    • In 1779, Johann Friedrich Oberlin and Louise Scheppler founded in Strassbourg an early establishment for caring for and educating pre-school children whose parents were absent during the day. from Kindergarten

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      Rosaura Zapata Rosaura Zapata (1876? – July 23, 1963) was a Mexican educator who helped to found the national system of education…
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      Rosaura Zapata (1876? – July 23, 1963) was a Mexican educator who helped to found the national system of education. She received Mexico's highest national honor when it was inaugurated in 1954, the Belisario Domínguez Medal of Honor.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Rosaura Zapata

    • The kindergarten system in Mexico was developed by professor Rosaura Zapata (1876–1963), who received the country's highest honor for that contribution. from Kindergarten

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      Education in the Philippines Education in the Philippines is managed and regulated by the Department of Education or DepEd as it is commonly…
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      Education in the Philippines is managed and regulated by the Department of Education or DepEd as it is commonly referred to in the country. The department controls the Philippine education system, especially the curriculum used in schools, and usage of funds used for further improvements, which includes the continual building of schools and its facilities, and the recruitment of teachers and other staff, among others.…

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      Education in the Philippines is managed and regulated by the Department of Education or DepEd as it is commonly referred to in the country. The department controls the Philippine education system, especially the curriculum used in schools, and usage of funds used for further improvements, which includes the continual building of schools and its facilities, and the recruitment of teachers and other staff, among others.
      Prior to the mid-20th century, the country's education system was patterned on those of its earlier colonial powers, those of both Spain and the United States. However, after the Philippine independence in 1946, its educational system changed radically.
      The former basic educational system of the Philippines was composed of 6 years of elementary education starting at the age of 6, and 4 years of high school education starting at the age of 12. Afterwards, one can continue his or her education by enrolling in technical or vocational schools, or in higher education institutions like universities. Although the 1987 Constitution states that elementary education is compulsory, it was never put into force.
      Since 2011, the country started its transition from its old 10-year basic educational system to the K-12 educational system, as mandated by DepEd. This time, the new 12-year system is now compulsory, along with the adoption of new curricula for all schools (see 2010s and the K-12 program). The transition shall last until the S.Y. 2017-2018, where the first graduates under the new educational system will be brought forth.
      All public schools in the Philippines must start classes from a date mandated by the Department of Education (usually every first Monday of June), and must end after each school completes the mandated 200-day school calendar of DepEd (usually around the third week of March to the second week of April). Private schools are not obliged to abide by the date declared by DepEd, but must open classes no later than the last week of August.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Education in the Philippines

    • In the Philippines, education officially starts at the Elementary level and placing children into early childhood education through kindergarten is optional to parents. from Kindergarten

    • :Its goal is to finally implement the universal kindergarten (offered since on S.Y. 2011—2012), and the "development of the (entire) program". from Education in the Philippines

    1. 37
      National Louis University National Louis University (NLU) is a private non-profit American university. NLU has campuses in and near Chicago…
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      National Louis University (NLU) is a private non-profit American university. NLU has campuses in and near Chicago, Illinois, as well as in Wisconsin, Florida and Nowy Sącz, Poland. Many courses and programs are also offered at-a-distance . Since its founding in 1886, NLU has played a historic role in education, when it helped found the…

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      National Louis University (NLU) is a private non-profit American university. NLU has campuses in and near Chicago, Illinois, as well as in Wisconsin, Florida and Nowy Sącz, Poland. Many courses and programs are also offered at-a-distance . Since its founding in 1886, NLU has played a historic role in education, when it helped found the National Kindergarten Movement, and the National Parent Teacher Association (PTA) and stressed the importance of academic and professional training in childhood education theory and practice.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To National Louis University

    • Elizabeth Harrison wrote extensively on the theory of early childhood education and worked to enhance educational standards for kindergarten teachers by establishing what became the National College of Education in 1886. from Kindergarten

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      Pedagogy Pedagogy (/ˈpɛdəɡɒdʒi/ or /ˈpɛdəɡoʊdʒi/) is the science and art of education. Its aims range from the full…
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      Pedagogy (/ˈpɛdəɡɒdʒi/ or /ˈpɛdəɡoʊdʒi/) is the science and art of education. Its aims range from the full development of the human being to skills acquisition. For example, Paulo Freire referred to his method of teaching people as "critical pedagogy". In correlation with those instructive strategies, the instructor's own philosophical beliefs of instruction are harbored and…

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      Pedagogy (/ˈpɛdəɡɒdʒi/ or /ˈpɛdəɡoʊdʒi/) is the science and art of education. Its aims range from the full development of the human being to skills acquisition. For example, Paulo Freire referred to his method of teaching people as "critical pedagogy". In correlation with those instructive strategies, the instructor's own philosophical beliefs of instruction are harbored and governed by the pupil's background knowledge and experience, situation, and environment, as well as learning goals set by the student and teacher. One example would be the Socratic schools of thought. The teaching of adults, however, may be referred to as androgogy.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Pedagogy

    • In 1816, Robert Owen, a philosopher and pedagogue, opened the first British and probably globally the first infant school in New Lanark, Scotland. from Kindergarten

    • The term is primarily used for individuals who occupy jobs in pre-school education (such as kindergartens and nurseries) in Scandinavia. from Pedagogy

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      Protestantism Protestantism is a religious movement that encompasses forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with…
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      Protestantism is a religious movement that encompasses forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with doctrines and religious, political, and ecclesiological impulses of the Protestant Reformation. The Reformation was a movement against what Protestants considered to be the errors of the Roman Catholic Church. It is one of the largest divisions of Christianity; along…

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      Protestantism is a religious movement that encompasses forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with doctrines and religious, political, and ecclesiological impulses of the Protestant Reformation. The Reformation was a movement against what Protestants considered to be the errors of the Roman Catholic Church. It is one of the largest divisions of Christianity; along with Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. The term refers to the letter of protestation by Lutheran princes in 1529 against an edict condemning the teachings of Martin Luther as heresy.
      The Protestant movement has its origins in present-day Germany and is popularly considered to have begun in 1517 when Luther published The Ninety-Five Theses as a reaction against perceived abuses in the sale of indulgences, which offered remission of sin to purchasers. Although there were unsuccessful attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church long before Martin Luther—notably these of Peter Waldo, Arnold of Brescia, John Wycliffe and Jan Hus—it was Luther who finally succeeded in sparking a wider movement.
      The various Protestant denominations share a rejection of the universal authority of the Pope and generally deny the Roman Catholic doctrine of transubstantiation, although they disagree among themselves about the doctrine of Christ's presence in the Eucharist. They generally emphasize the priesthood of all believers, the doctrine of justification by faith alone (sola fide) apart from good works, and a belief in the Bible alone (rather than with Roman Catholic tradition) as the supreme authority in matters of faith and morals (sola scriptura). The Five solae summarize the reformers' basic differences in theological beliefs in opposition to the teaching of the Catholic Church of the day.
      In the 16th century, Lutheranism spread into numerous states of the Holy Roman Empire (primarily in northern, central and eastern areas of the Reich), Denmark–Norway, Sweden, Duchy of Prussia, Duchy of Courland and Livonia, among other entities. Reformed churches were founded primarily in several states of the Holy Roman Empire (such as the County Palatine of the Rhine), Hungary, the Netherlands, Scotland, Switzerland and France by other reformers such as John Calvin, Huldrych Zwingli, and John Knox. In 1534, King Henry VIII put an end to all papal jurisdiction in England as a result of Rome's failure to grant an annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon; this opened the door to Reformation ideas, notably during the reign of Edward VI through theologians such as Thomas Cranmer and Richard Hooker. There were also reformation movements throughout continental Europe known as the Radical Reformation—a response to what was believed to be the corruption in both the Roman Catholic Church and the expanding Magisterial Protestant movement led by Luther and other reformers—that gave rise to the Anabaptist, Moravian, and other pietistic movements. In later centuries Protestants developed their own culture, which made major contributions to various fields, including education, the humanities and sciences, the political and social order, the economy and the arts.
      Encompassing more than 800 million adherents, or nearly forty percent of Christians worldwide, Protestantism is present on all populated continents. The movement is divided theologically and ecclesiastically to a greater degree than Catholicism or Eastern Orthodoxy. There is no single church, nor a central authoritative entity. Some churches have a worldwide scope and distribution of membership (such as the Anglican Communion), while other are confined to a single country, or are solitary church bodies or congregations (such as the former Prussian Union of churches). An exact number of denominations is difficult to calculate and depends on definition. Nevertheless, the majority of Protestants are members of just a handful of denominational families, i.e. Adventists, Anglicans, Baptists, Reformed, Lutherans, Methodists and Pentecostals.

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    • They are often run by city or town administrations, churches, or registered societies, many of which follow a certain educational approach as represented, e.g., by Montessori or Reggio Emilia or "Berliner Bildungsprogramm" or Waldorf, etc. Due to the prevalent religions present in Germany, i.e. Roman Catholic and Protestants, even in smaller townships often there are at least one catholic and one protestant kindergarten available. from Kindergarten

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      Bavaria The Free State of Bavaria (German: Freistaat Bayern, pronounced [ˈfʁaɪʃtaːt ˈbaɪ.ɐn] ( ), Alemannic German…
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      The Free State of Bavaria (German: Freistaat Bayern, pronounced [ˈfʁaɪʃtaːt ˈbaɪ.ɐn] ( ), Alemannic German: Freistaat Bayre, Austro-Bavarian: Freistood Boajan/Baijaan, Main-Franconian: Freischdood Bayan) is a state of Germany, located in the southeast. With an area of 70,548 square kilometres (27,200 sq mi), it is the largest state by area, forming almost 20 percent of…

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      The Free State of Bavaria (German: Freistaat Bayern, pronounced [ˈfʁaɪʃtaːt ˈbaɪ.ɐn] ( ), Alemannic German: Freistaat Bayre, Austro-Bavarian: Freistood Boajan/Baijaan, Main-Franconian: Freischdood Bayan) is a state of Germany, located in the southeast. With an area of 70,548 square kilometres (27,200 sq mi), it is the largest state by area, forming almost 20 percent of the total land area of Germany. Bavaria is Germany's second most populous state (after North Rhine-Westphalia), with 12.5 million inhabitants. Bavaria's capital and largest city is Munich, the third largest city in Germany.
      The History of Bavaria stretches from its earliest settlement and its formation as a stem duchy in the 6th century through its inclusion in the Holy Roman Empires to its status as an independent kingdom and finally as a large Bundesland (state) of the modern, re-united Federal Republic of Germany.
      The earliest proof for the existence of Bavaria having been established as a stem duchy dates back to the year 555. In the 17th century, the Duke of Bavaria became a Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. The Kingdom of Bavaria existed from 1806 to 1918, and Bavaria has since been a free state (republic). In the past Germany’s Bundesverfassungsgericht (“Federal Constitutional Court”) issued several decisions stating that the Deutsches Reich (“German Empire”) never ceased to exist despite the Nazi era’s overgrowing of existing structures of statehood by “creations” of its own (say Gaue or various party organizations), the Allied Forces’s occupation following Nazi-Germany’s military breakdown and the foundation of both the FRG (the Reich’s self-proclaimed assignee) and the GDR. In 1946 the Free State of Bavaria re-founded and re-organised itself on new, democratic foundations.
      Modern Bavaria also includes parts of the historical regions of Franconia, Upper Palatinate and Swabia.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Bavaria

    • At about the same time, in 1780, similar infant establishments were established in Bayern In 1802, Pauline zur Lippe established a preschool center in Detmold. from Kindergarten

    • The first such institutions were created in the late eighteenth century in Bavaria and Strasbourg to serve children both of whose parents worked out of the home. from Kindergarten

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      Education in Singapore Education in Singapore is managed by the Ministry of Education (MOE), which controls the development and…
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      Education in Singapore is managed by the Ministry of Education (MOE), which controls the development and administration of state schools receiving government funding, but also has an advisory and supervisory role in respect of private schools. For both private and state schools, there are variations in the extent of autonomy in their curriculum, scope of government aid and funding, tuition burden on the students, and admission policy.…

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      Education in Singapore is managed by the Ministry of Education (MOE), which controls the development and administration of state schools receiving government funding, but also has an advisory and supervisory role in respect of private schools. For both private and state schools, there are variations in the extent of autonomy in their curriculum, scope of government aid and funding, tuition burden on the students, and admission policy.
      Education spending usually makes up about 20 percent of the annual national budget, which subsidises state education and government-assisted private education for Singaporean citizens and funds the Edusave programme, the costs for which are significantly higher for non-citizens. In 2000 the Compulsory Education Act codified compulsory education for children of primary school age (excepting those with disabilities), and made it a criminal offence for parents to fail to enroll their children in school and ensure their regular attendance. Exemptions are allowed for homeschooling or full-time religious institutions, but parents must apply for exemption from the Ministry of Education and meet a minimum benchmark.
      The main language of instruction in Singapore is English, which was officially designated the first language within the local education system in 1987. English is the first language learned by half the children by the time they reach preschool age and becomes the primary medium of instruction by the time they reach primary school. Although Malay, Mandarin and Tamil are also official languages, English is the language of instruction for nearly all subjects except the official Mother Tongue languages and the literatures of those languages; these are generally not taught in English, although there is provision for the use of English at the initial stages. Certain schools, such as secondary schools under the Special Assistance Plan (SAP), encourage a richer use of the mother tongue and may occasionally teach subjects in Mandarin Chinese. A few schools have been experimenting with curricula that integrates language subjects with mathematics and the sciences, using both English and a second language.
      Singapore's education system has been described as "world-leading" and in 2010 was among those picked out for commendation by the now-former British education minister Michael Gove.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Education in Singapore

    • The three-year program, known as nursery, kindergarten 1 (K1) and kindergarten 2 (K2) prepares children for their first year in primary school education. from Kindergarten

    • Kindergartens in Singapore provide up to three years of pre-school for children ages three to six. from Education in Singapore

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      Toronto Normal School The Toronto Normal School was a teachers college in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Opened in 1847, the Normal School was…
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      The Toronto Normal School was a teachers college in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Opened in 1847, the Normal School was located at Church and Gould streets in central Toronto, and was a predecessor to the current Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. The Royal Ontario Museum, the Ontario College of Art & Design and the Ontario…

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      The Toronto Normal School was a teachers college in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Opened in 1847, the Normal School was located at Church and Gould streets in central Toronto, and was a predecessor to the current Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. The Royal Ontario Museum, the Ontario College of Art & Design and the Ontario Agricultural College all originated at the Normal School's campus, officially named St. James Square, such that the school became known as "the cradle of Ontario's education system". The school's landmark Gothic-Romanesque building was designed by architects Thomas Ridout and Frederick William Cumberland in 1852. The landmark building was demolished in 1963, but architectural elements of the structure remain on the campus of Ryerson University.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Toronto Normal School

    • In 1885, the Toronto Normal School (teacher training) opened a department for Kindergarten teaching. from Kindergarten

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      Homework Homework, or homework assignment, refers to tasks assigned to students by their teachers to be completed outside…
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      Homework, or homework assignment, refers to tasks assigned to students by their teachers to be completed outside the class. Common homework assignments may include a quantity or period of reading to be performed, writing or typing to be completed, problems to be solved, a school project to be built (such as a diorama or display), or other skills to be practiced.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Homework

    • They also become accustomed to regular and considerable amounts of homework. from Kindergarten

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      New Lanark New Lanark is a village on the River Clyde, approximately 1.4 miles (2.2 kilometres) from Lanark, in Lanarkshire…
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      New Lanark is a village on the River Clyde, approximately 1.4 miles (2.2 kilometres) from Lanark, in Lanarkshire, and some 40 km southeast of Glasgow, Scotland. It was founded in 1786 by David Dale, who built cotton mills and housing for the mill workers. Dale built the mills there in a brief partnership with the…

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      New Lanark is a village on the River Clyde, approximately 1.4 miles (2.2 kilometres) from Lanark, in Lanarkshire, and some 40 km southeast of Glasgow, Scotland. It was founded in 1786 by David Dale, who built cotton mills and housing for the mill workers. Dale built the mills there in a brief partnership with the English inventor and entrepreneur Richard Arkwright to take advantage of the water power provided by the only waterfalls on the River Clyde. Under the ownership of a partnership that included Dale's son-in-law, Robert Owen, a Welsh philanthropist and social reformer, New Lanark became a successful business and an epitome of utopian socialism as well as an early example of a planned settlement and so an important milestone in the historical development of urban planning.
      The New Lanark mills operated until 1968. After a period of decline, the New Lanark Conservation Trust (NLCT) was founded in 1974 (now known as the New Lanark Trust (NLT)) to prevent demolition of the village. By 2006 most of the buildings have been restored and the village has become a major tourist attraction. It is one of five UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Scotland and an Anchor Point of ERIH - The European Route of Industrial Heritage.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To New Lanark

    • In 1816, Robert Owen, a philosopher and pedagogue, opened the first British and probably globally the first infant school in New Lanark, Scotland. from Kindergarten

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      Ministry of National Education (France) The Minister of National Education, Youth, and Sport (French: Ministre de l’Éducation nationale, de la Jeunesse et…
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      The Minister of National Education, Youth, and Sport (French: Ministre de l’Éducation nationale, de la Jeunesse et de la Vie associative), or simply "Minister of National Education," as the title has changed no small number of times in the course of the Fifth Republic) is the French government cabinet member charged with running France's public educational system and with the supervision of agreements and authorizations for private teaching organizations.…

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      The Minister of National Education, Youth, and Sport (French: Ministre de l’Éducation nationale, de la Jeunesse et de la Vie associative), or simply "Minister of National Education," as the title has changed no small number of times in the course of the Fifth Republic) is the French government cabinet member charged with running France's public educational system and with the supervision of agreements and authorizations for private teaching organizations.
      The Ministry's headquarters is located in the 18th century Hôtel de Rochechouart on the rue de Grenelle in the 7th arrondissement of Paris.
      Given that National Education is France's largest employer, and employs more than half of the French state civil servants, the position is traditionally a fairly strategic one. The current minister is Benoît Hamon.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Ministry of National Education (France)

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      Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was a small historic state in present-day Thuringia, Germany with its capital at Rudolstadt.
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      Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was a small historic state in present-day Thuringia, Germany with its capital at Rudolstadt.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

    • Friedrich Fröbel (1782–1852) opened a Play and Activity institute in 1837 in the village of Bad Blankenburg in the principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Thuringia, as an experimental social experience for children entering school. from Kindergarten

    • Friedrich Fröbel (1782–1852) opened a Play and Activity institute in 1837 in the village of Bad Blankenburg in the principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Thuringia, which he renamed Kindergarten on June 28, 1840. from Preschool

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      Economy of Ukraine The economy of Ukraine is an emerging free market, with a gross domestic product that fell sharply for the first 10…
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      The economy of Ukraine is an emerging free market, with a gross domestic product that fell sharply for the first 10 years of its independence from the Soviet Union, then experienced rapid growth from 2000 until 2008. Formerly a major component of the economy of the Soviet Union, the country's economy experienced a deep recession…

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      The economy of Ukraine is an emerging free market, with a gross domestic product that fell sharply for the first 10 years of its independence from the Soviet Union, then experienced rapid growth from 2000 until 2008. Formerly a major component of the economy of the Soviet Union, the country's economy experienced a deep recession during the 1990s, including hyperinflation and a drastic fall in economic output. In 1999, at the lowest point of the economic crisis, Ukraine's per capita GDP was less than half of the per capita GDP it achieved before independence. GDP growth was first registered in 2000, and continued for eight years. In 2007 the economy continued to grow and posted real GDP growth of 7%. In 2008, Ukraine's economy was ranked 45th in the world according to 2008 GDP (nominal) with the total nominal GDP of 188 billion USD, and nominal per capita GDP of 3,900 USD.
      However Ukraine was greatly affected by the economic crisis of 2008 and as a result a 15.1% decrease in Ukraine's GDP took place over 2008 and 2009. Inflation slowed in July 2009 and stayed at about 8% in 2011. Deflation was just avoided in 2012. 0.5% inflation is expected for 2013. The Ukrainian currency, which had been pegged at a rate of 5:1 to the U.S. dollar, was devalued to 8:1, and was stabilized at that ratio.
      There was 3% unemployment at the end of 2008; over the first 9 months of 2009, unemployment averaged 9.4%. The final official unemployment rates over 2009 and 2010 where 8.8% and 8,4%. Although according to the CIA World Factbook in Ukraine there are "large number of unregistered or underemployed workers".
      The Ukrainian economy recovered in the first quarter of 2010. Ukraine's real GDP growth in 2010 was 4.3%, leading to per capita PPP GDP of 6,700 USD.
      More than 60% of Ukraine's exports go to other post-Soviet states, with Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan the most important.
      Natural gas is Ukraine’s biggest import at present and is the main cause of the country’s structural trade deficit.
      Ukrainian politicians have estimated that 40% of its economy is in fact shadow economy. Due to the double nature of the Ukraine economics, official data GDP and average salary have some significant errors and cannot be applied directly in order to truly understand the economic situation in Ukraine.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Economy of Ukraine

    • Many preschools and kindergarten where closed previously in light of economic and demographic considerations. from Kindergarten

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      Mathematics Mathematics is the study of topics such as quantity (numbers), structure, space, and change. There is a range of…
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      Mathematics is the study of topics such as quantity (numbers), structure, space, and change. There is a range of views among mathematicians and philosophers as to the exact scope and definition of mathematics.…

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      Mathematics is the study of topics such as quantity (numbers), structure, space, and change. There is a range of views among mathematicians and philosophers as to the exact scope and definition of mathematics.
      Mathematicians seek out patterns and use them to formulate new conjectures. Mathematicians resolve the truth or falsity of conjectures by mathematical proof. When mathematical structures are good models of real phenomena, then mathematical reasoning can provide insight or predictions about nature. Through the use of abstraction and logic, mathematics developed from counting, calculation, measurement, and the systematic study of the shapes and motions of physical objects. Practical mathematics has been a human activity for as far back as written records exist. The research required to solve mathematical problems can take years or even centuries of sustained inquiry.
      Rigorous arguments first appeared in Greek mathematics, most notably in Euclid's Elements. Since the pioneering work of Giuseppe Peano (1858–1932), David Hilbert (1862–1943), and others on axiomatic systems in the late 19th century, it has become customary to view mathematical research as establishing truth by rigorous deduction from appropriately chosen axioms and definitions. Mathematics developed at a relatively slow pace until the Renaissance, when mathematical innovations interacting with new scientific discoveries led to a rapid increase in the rate of mathematical discovery that has continued to the present day.
      Galileo Galilei (1564–1642) said, "The universe cannot be read until we have learned the language and become familiar with the characters in which it is written. It is written in mathematical language, and the letters are triangles, circles and other geometrical figures, without which means it is humanly impossible to comprehend a single word. Without these, one is wandering about in a dark labyrinth." Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777–1855) referred to mathematics as "the Queen of the Sciences". Benjamin Peirce (1809–1880) called mathematics "the science that draws necessary conclusions". David Hilbert said of mathematics: "We are not speaking here of arbitrariness in any sense. Mathematics is not like a game whose tasks are determined by arbitrarily stipulated rules. Rather, it is a conceptual system possessing internal necessity that can only be so and by no means otherwise." Albert Einstein (1879–1955) stated that "as far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain; and as far as they are certain, they do not refer to reality." French mathematician Claire Voisin states "There is creative drive in mathematics, it's all about movement trying to express itself."
      Mathematics is used throughout the world as an essential tool in many fields, including natural science, engineering, medicine, finance and the social sciences. Applied mathematics, the branch of mathematics concerned with application of mathematical knowledge to other fields, inspires and makes use of new mathematical discoveries, which has led to the development of entirely new mathematical disciplines, such as statistics and game theory. Mathematicians also engage in pure mathematics, or mathematics for its own sake, without having any application in mind. There is no clear line separating pure and applied mathematics, and practical applications for what began as pure mathematics are often discovered.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Mathematics

    • These very young children may also attend other specialized afternoon schools, taking lessons in art, piano or violin, taekwondo, ballet, soccer or mathematics. from Kindergarten

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      Home A home is a dwelling-place used as a permanent or semi-permanent residence for an individual, family, household or…
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      A home is a dwelling-place used as a permanent or semi-permanent residence for an individual, family, household or several families in a tribe. It is often a house, apartment, or other building, or alternatively a mobile home, houseboat, yurt or any other portable shelter. Larger groups may live in a nursing home, children's home, convent…

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      A home is a dwelling-place used as a permanent or semi-permanent residence for an individual, family, household or several families in a tribe. It is often a house, apartment, or other building, or alternatively a mobile home, houseboat, yurt or any other portable shelter. Larger groups may live in a nursing home, children's home, convent or any similar institution. A homestead also includes agricultural land and facilities for domesticated animals. Where more secure dwellings are not available, people may live in the informal and sometimes illegal shacks found in slums and shanty towns. More generally, "home" may be considered to be a geographic area, such as a town, village, suburb, city, or country.
      Transitory accommodation, such as a hospital, prison, boarding school, college or university is not normally considered permanent enough to replace a more stable location as 'home'. In 2005, some 100 million people worldwide were estimated to be homeless, although some prefer the term 'houseless' or 'unsheltered'.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Home

    • A kindergarten (German , literally children's garden) is a preschool educational approach traditionally based around playing, singing, practical activities such as drawing, and social interaction as part of the transition from home to school. from Kindergarten

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      Demographics of Ukraine The demographics of Ukraine include statistics on population growth, population density, ethnicity, education…
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      The demographics of Ukraine include statistics on population growth, population density, ethnicity, education level, health, economic status, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population.…

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      The demographics of Ukraine include statistics on population growth, population density, ethnicity, education level, health, economic status, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population.
      The data in this article are based on the most recent Ukrainian Census, which was carried out in 2001, the CIA World Factbook, and the State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. The next census is scheduled to take place in 2016.

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    How Kindergarten
    Connects To Demographics of Ukraine

    • Many preschools and kindergarten where closed previously in light of economic and demographic considerations. from Kindergarten

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