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Spanish and Portuguese Jews
Western Sephardim (or more ambiguously known as Spanish and Portuguese Jews, Spanish Jews, Portuguese Jews and Jews of the Portuguese Nation) acronymed S&P are a distinctive sub-group of Sephardic Jews, who are descended from Jews who lived in Spain and Portugal for centuries, until their expulsion stipulated in the Spanish Alhambra Decree (1492), whereby the Jews were required to leave, convert, or face execution. Half of the Spanish Jews did not, or could not, leave Spain prior to the expiration of the deadlines stipulated by the Alhambra Degree and thus became New Christian conversos. Most of the Spanish Jews who left Spain accepted the hospitality of Sultan Bayezid II and, starting with the Alhambra Decree in 1492, moved to the Ottoman Empire, where they founded proud communities openly practicing their religion. MORE
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