Abu'l Muzaffar Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad (3 November 1618 – 3 March 1707), commonly known as Aurangzeb or by his regnal title Alamgir ("He who seizes the universe"), was the sixth, and widely considered the last effective Mughal Emperor. He ruled over most of the Indian subcontinent during some parts of his reign, which lasted for 49 years from 1658 until his death in 1707.
Aurangzeb was a notable expansionist and during his reign, the Mughal Empire temporarily reached its greatest extent. During his lifetime, victories in the south expanded the Mughal Empire to more than 3.2 million square kilometres and he ruled over a population estimated as being in the range of 100–150 million subjects, with an annual yearly tribute of £38,624,680 (2,879,469,894 rupees) in 1690. Aurangzeb's policies abandoned the legacy of pluralism and religious tolerance, which remains a very controversial aspect of his reign and led to the downfall of the Mughal Empire. Rebellions and wars led to the exhaustion of the imperial Mughal treasury and army. He was a strong-handed authoritarian ruler, and following his death the expansionary period of the Mughal Empire came to an end. Nevertheless, the contiguous territory of the Mughal Empire still remained intact more or less until the reign of Muhammad Shah....LESS
This work by Stanley Lane-Poole, British archaeologist, and orientalist, was originally published in 1908. It is an historical work on the sixth Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb, who ruled over most of the Indian subcontinent for 49 years, from 1658 until his death in 1707, at the age of 88. It includes chapters on 'The Heritage of Akbar', 'The Hindus', 'The Fall of Golkonda', 'The Ruin of Aurangzeb', and much more, and is a fantastic read for anyone with an interest in the history of the 17th century. To compliment the republication of this work, a brand new introductory biography of the author has been added.