The wedding of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine Middleton took place on 29 April 2011 at Westminster Abbey in London, England. The groom, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, is the eldest son of Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales, and second, after his father, in line to succeed his grandmother, Queen Elizabeth II.

The bride, Catherine "Kate" Middleton is the eldest of three children of Michael and Carole Middleton of Bucklebury Manor at Pease Hill, Berkshire. The Dean of Westminster, John Hall, presided at the service; the Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, conducted the marriage; Richard Chartres, the Bishop of London, preached the sermon; and a reading was given by the bride's brother, James. William's best man was his brother, Prince Harry, while the bride's sister, Pippa, was

maid of honour. The ceremony was attended by the bride's and groom's families, as well as many foreign royals, diplomats, and the couple's chosen personal guests. After the ceremony, the couple made the traditional appearance on the balcony of Buckingham Palace. As Prince William was not the heir apparent to the throne, the wedding was not a full state occasion and many details were left to the couple to decide, such as much of the guest list of about 1,900.
Prince William and Kate Middleton met in 2001. Their engagement on 20 October 2010 was announced on 16 November 2010. The build-up to the wedding and the occasion itself attracted much media attention, being compared in many ways with the 1981 marriage of William's parents. The occasion was a public holiday in the United Kingdom and featured many ceremonial aspects, including use of the state carriages and roles for the Foot Guards and Household Cavalry. Events were held around the Commonwealth to mark the wedding; organisations and hotels held events across Canada, over 5,000 street parties were held throughout the United Kingdom, and one million people lined the route between Westminster Abbey and Buckingham Palace. The ceremony was viewed live by tens of millions more around the world, including 72 million on the YouTube Royal Channel. In the United Kingdom, television audiences peaked at 26.3 million viewers, with a total of 36.7 million watching part of the coverage.

  • 1. [Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge] Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge (Catherine Elizabeth "Kate"; née Middleton; born 9 January 1982), is the wife of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge. Following his father Charles, Prince of Wales, William is second in line to succeed his grandmother, Queen Elizabeth II, as monarch of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms.
  • 2. [Prince William, Duke of Cambridge] Prince William, Duke of Cambridge KG KT ADC(P) (William Arthur Philip Louis; born 21 June 1982), is the elder son of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Diana, Princess of Wales. He is second in line to succeed his grandmother, Queen Elizabeth II, after his father.
  • 3. [Pippa Middleton] Philippa Charlotte Middleton (born 6 September 1983) is an English socialite, author, columnist, and the younger sister of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge. Middleton began receiving media attention with her appearance at her sister's wedding to Prince William in 2011, and has continued to do so for her fashion sense and personal relationships. In the United Kingdom, the name 'Philippa' is often shortened to 'Pippa' as an informal nickname or petname.
  • 4. [Wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer] The wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer took place on 29 July 1981 at St Paul's Cathedral, London, England. Their marriage was widely billed as a "fairytale wedding" and the "wedding of the century". It was watched by an estimated global TV audience of 750 million. The United Kingdom had a national holiday on that day to mark the wedding. The couple separated in 1992 and divorced in 1996.
  • 5. [Clarence House] Clarence House is a royal residence in London, situated on The Mall, in the City of Westminster. It is attached to St. James's Palace and shares the palace's garden. For nearly 50 years, from 1953 to 2002, it was home to Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother. It has since been the official residence of Charles,
  • 6. [Baron Carrickfergus] Baron Carrickfergus is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, referring to Carrickfergus in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. Its current holder, since its creation on 29 April 2011, is Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, who was granted the title as a personal gift, by Queen Elizabeth II, on the day of his marriage
  • 7. [Prince Harry] Prince Henry of Wales (born Henry Charles Albert David; 15 September 1984), known as Prince Harry, is the younger son of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Diana, Princess of Wales. His paternal grandparents are Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Prince Harry is the fourth in line to succeed his grandmother, after Prince George of Cambridge, the only child of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge.
  • 8. [Carole Middleton] Carole Elizabeth Middleton (née Goldsmith; born 31 January 1955), is a former flight attendant turned businesswoman, and mother of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, and her siblings, Philippa "Pippa" Middleton and James William Middleton.
  • 9. [Paul Mealor] Paul Mealor FRSA (born 25 November 1975) is a Welsh composer. A large proportion of his output is for chorus, both a cappella and accompanied. He came to wider notice when his motet Ubi Caritas et Amor was performed at the wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton in 2011. He later composed the song Wherever You Are, which became the 2011 Christmas number one in the UK Singles Chart.
  • 10. [Princess Eugenie of York] Princess Eugenie of York (/ˈjuːʒəni/ Eugenie Victoria Helena; born 23 March 1990) is the second child and younger daughter of Prince Andrew, Duke of York, and Sarah, Duchess of York. As such she is seventh, and the second female, in the line of succession to the thrones of the 16 Commonwealth realms. Eugenie works as a benefit auctions manager.
  • 11. [Jamie Lowther-Pinkerton] Anthony James Moxon "Jamie" Lowther-Pinkerton, LVO MBE DL (born 28 September 1960) is Private Secretary to the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and to Prince Harry, in the Household of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry. He was appointed on 2 May 2005 but resigned as full-time Private Secretary with effect from
  • 12. [Lupton family] The Lupton family are of Yorkshire origin and first achieved prominence in ecclesiastical and academic circles in England in the 16th century through the fame of Dr Roger Lupton, provost of Eton College and chaplain to Henry VIII. By the Georgian era, the family's fame was cemented in the Northern English city of Leeds. Described
  • 13. [Line of succession to the British throne] The line of succession to the British throne is the ordered sequence of all those people eligible to succeed to the throne of the United Kingdom. The line is identical in other Commonwealth realms. The Act of Settlement 1701 bestowed succession on the Electress Sophia of Hanover and her descendants while excluding Roman Catholics. The
  • 14. [Sarah Burton] Sarah Jane Burton, OBE (née Heard, born 1974) is an English fashion designer, currently creative director of fashion brand Alexander McQueen. She designed Catherine Middleton's wedding dress for her wedding to Prince William, Duke of Cambridge in April 2011. In 2012, she was named in Time 100, an annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world according to Time.
  • 15. [Ubi caritas] Ubi caritas is a hymn of the Western Church, long used as one of the antiphons for the washing of feet on Maundy Thursday. The Gregorian melody was composed sometime between the fourth and tenth centuries, though some scholars believe the text dates from early Christian gatherings before the formalization of the Mass. It is
  • 16. [James William Middleton] James William Middleton (born 15 April 1987) is an English businessperson and member of the Middleton family. Middleton runs the Cake Kit Company, which make themed cakes and cake-making kits for birthdays and other occasions. He is the brother of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, and read the lesson at her wedding to Prince William, Duke of Cambridge.
  • 17. [Princess Beatrice of York] Princess Beatrice of York (Beatrice Elizabeth Mary; born 8 August 1988) is the first child and elder daughter of Prince Andrew, Duke of York, and Sarah, Duchess of York. She is sixth, and the first female, in the line of succession to the thrones of the sixteen Commonwealth realms. Beatrice worked at Sony Pictures Television from January 2014 to January 2015.
  • 18. [2011 royal tour of Canada] The 2011 royal tour of Canada by Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, took place between 30 June and 8 July 2011. The tour saw the newlywed couple visit all of Canada's regions. It was the first such tour undertaken by the Duke and Duchess since their marriage two months prior,
  • 19. [Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall] Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall GCVO CSM (Camilla Rosemary; née Shand, previously Parker Bowles; born 17 July 1947), is the second wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, who is the eldest child and heir apparent of Queen Elizabeth II. Instead of using the title Princess of Wales, she is styled through her husband's secondary designations as
  • 20. [Duke of Cambridge] Duke of Cambridge is a title (named after the city of Cambridge in England) which has been conferred upon members of the British royal family several times. It was first used as a designation for Charles Stuart (1660–1661), the eldest son of James, Duke of York (later James II), though he was never formally created
  • 21. [Republic (political organisation)] Republic is a British republican pressure group advocating the replacement of the United Kingdom's monarchy with an elected head of state.
    It is a member organisation of Common Cause and the Alliance of European Republican Movements and is currently the only organisation solely campaigning for a republican constitution for Britain.
  • 22. [Groom's cake] A groom's cake is a wedding tradition originating in Victorian England, but observed more often in the modern age in the American South. While a wedding cake may often be decorated in white and light in texture or color, the groom's cake can take a variety of forms, many incorporating chocolate or fruit. Cheesecake sometimes
  • 23. [St Salvator's Hall] St Salvator's Hall (affectionately known as Sallies) is a student Hall of residence at the University of St Andrews. It lies close to the quadrangle of the United College, St Andrews and St Salvator's Chapel, a foundation which was endowed by King James II of Scotland. The Hall is in an area between North Street
  • 24. [Sarah, Duchess of York] Sarah, Duchess of York (Sarah Margaret; née Ferguson; born 15 October 1959) is the former wife of Prince Andrew, Duke of York, the second son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Popularly referred to as "Fergie", she is a charity patron, spokesperson, writer, film producer and television personality. She is the
  • 25. [Blaenwern] Blaenwern is a Welsh Christian hymn tune composed by William Penfro Rowlands (1860–1937), during the Welsh revival of 1904–1905. 'Blaenwern' was first published in Henry H. Jones' Cân a Moliant (1915).
  • 26. [William Penfro Rowlands] William Penfro Rowlands (19 April 1860 – 22 October 1937) was a Welsh schoolteacher and composer.
    Rowlands was born at Llys y Frân, Maenclochog, Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro in the Welsh language, hence his middle name). Probably his best-known composition is the hymn-tune "Blaenwern", composed in 1905. As well as being a church musician, Rowlands also taught in several schools. He was also the conductor of the Morriston United Choral Society.
  • 27. [Tiggy Legge-Bourke] Alexandra Shân "Tiggy" Legge-Bourke MVO (born 1 April 1965) was nanny, later companion, to Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and his brother Prince Harry, and a personal assistant to The Prince of Wales, between 1993 and 1999. Since her marriage she has been known as Tiggy Pettifer.
  • 28. [Love Divine, All Loves Excelling] Love Divine, All Loves Excelling is a Christian hymn by Charles Wesley with a theme of "Christian perfection." Judging by general repute, it is among Wesley's finest: "justly famous and beloved, better known than almost any other hymn of Charles Wesley." Judging by its distribution, it is also among his most successful: by the end
  • 29. [Margarita Armstrong-Jones] Margarita Elizabeth Rose Alleyne Armstrong-Jones (born 14 May 2002) is the only daughter of Viscount and Viscountess Linley. She is the only granddaughter of Princess Margaret and the Earl of Snowdon.
  • 30. [Public holidays in the United Kingdom] Public holidays in the United Kingdom are the public holidays observed in some or all of the countries of the United Kingdom. Most businesses and non-essential services are closed on public holidays, although an increasing number of retail businesses (especially the larger ones) do open on some of the public holidays.
  • 31. [Prince Andrew, Duke of York] Prince Andrew, Duke of York KG GCVO CD ADC(P) (Andrew Albert Christian Edward, born 19 February 1960), is the second son and third child of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. At the time of his birth, he was second in the line of succession to succeed his mother; he is currently fifth in line.
  • 32. [Royal Mews] A Royal Mews is a mews (i.e. combined stables, carriage house and in recent times also the garage) of the British Royal Family. In London the Royal Mews has occupied two main sites, formerly at Charing Cross, and since the 1820s at Buckingham Palace. Many open days are held each year.
  • 33. [Alexander McQueen (brand)] Alexander McQueen is a British luxury fashion house founded by designer Lee Alexander McQueen in 1992. Its current creative director is Sarah Burton.
  • 34. [Goring Hotel] The Goring Hotel /ˈɡɔərɪŋ/ is a luxury 5-star hotel in London, England. It is located near Buckingham Palace.
  • 35. [David Armstrong-Jones, Viscount Linley] David Albert Charles Armstrong-Jones, Viscount Linley (born 3 November 1961), known professionally as David Linley, is an English furniture maker and chairman of the auction house Christie's UK. The son of Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, and Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon, he is a grandson of King George VI, and is 17th in the line of succession to the British throne and the thrones of the 15 other Commonwealth realms and heir-apparent to the Earldom of Snowdon.
  • 36. [TV pickup] Television pickup is a phenomenon that affects electricity generation and transmission networks, often occurring when a large number of people watch the same TV programmes while taking advantage of commercial breaks to operate electrical appliances (particularly kettles), thus causing large synchronised surges in national electricity consumption. Electricity networks devote considerable resources to predicting and providing
  • 37. [Wedding of Princess Elizabeth and Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh] The wedding of Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh took place on 20 November 1947 at Westminster Abbey in London.
  • 38. [Christopher Warren-Green] Christopher Warren-Green (born 30 July 1955) is a British violinist and conductor. He was born in Gloucestershire and attended Westminster City School, where he was a chorister, and later the Royal Academy of Music.
  • 39. [I was glad] I was glad (Latin incipit, Laetatus sum) is an introit commonly used in the Anglican church, and also used as an anthem traditionally sung at the coronation of the British monarch. Its most famous setting was written in 1902 by Sir Hubert Parry, which sets only verses 1–3,6,7.
  • 40. [Wartski] Wartski is a family firm of antique dealers specialising in Russian works of art; particularly those by Carl Fabergé, fine jewellery and silver. Founded in North Wales in 1865, the business is now located at 14 Grafton Street in Mayfair, London. The company holds royal appointments as Jewellers to the Queen and the Prince of Wales
  • 41. [Starry Eyed (Ellie Goulding song)] "Starry Eyed" is a song by English recording artist Ellie Goulding, released as the second single from her debut album, Lights (2010). It was written by Goulding and Jonny Lattimer, and produced by Starsmith. Goulding made her debut US television performance on Jimmy Kimmel Live! on 7 April 2011 performing "Starry Eyed".
  • 42. [Earl of Strathearn] The Mormaer of Strathearn or Earl of Strathearn was the provincial ruler of Strathearn in medieval Scotland. Of unknown origin, the mormaers are attested for the first time in a document perhaps dating to 1115. The first known mormaer, Maol Íosa I, is mentioned by Ailred of Rievaulx as leading native Scots in the company
  • 43. [Robert Quinney] Robert Quinney (born 1976; Nottingham, England) is Director-elect of the choir of New College, Oxford, and was until recently Sub-Organist at Westminster Abbey and Director of Music at Peterborough Cathedral. In addition to his work at New College, he has a busy freelance career as soloist, ensemble player, and writer on music. Since October 2009 he has been Director of Oundle for Organists, whose residential courses provide inspiring tuition for young organists.
  • 44. [Muslims Against Crusades] Muslims Against Crusades (abbreviated MAC) is a banned radical Islamist group in the United Kingdom. The group was founded in 2010 by Abu Assadullah. Professional boxer Anthony Small and Islam4UK spokesman Anjem Choudary are associated with the group. The group strongly opposes what it describes as "man-made laws" in Britain, and views man-made laws as the biggest threat to the progression of mankind.
  • 45. [Serena Armstrong-Jones, Viscountess Linley] Serena Alleyne Armstrong-Jones, Viscountess Linley (née Stanhope; born 1 March 1970) is an Anglo-Irish aristocrat, and by marriage, a niece-in-law of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
  • 46. [Sophie, Countess of Wessex] Sophie, Countess of Wessex, GCVO (Sophie Helen; née Rhys-Jones; born 20 January 1965) is the wife of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, the youngest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Married in 1999, she worked in public relations until 2002 and now assists her husband in his royal duties. The
  • 47. [2011 London anti-cuts protest] The 2011 anti-cuts protest in London, also known as the March for the Alternative, was a demonstration held in central London on 26 March 2011. Organised by the Trades Union Congress (TUC), it was a protest march against planned public spending cuts by the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government that was formed in May 2010.
  • 48. [RAF Search and Rescue Force] The RAF (Royal Air Force) Search and Rescue Force (SARF or SAR Force) is the Royal Air Force organisation which provides around-the-clock aeronautical search and rescue cover in the United Kingdom, Cyprus and the Falkland Islands.
  • 49. [Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex] Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex KG GCVO ADC(P) (Edward Antony Richard Louis; born 10 March 1964) is the youngest of four children and the third son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. At the time of his birth, he was third in line to succeed his mother; as of 2015, he is currently eighth in line.
  • 50. [Pete Broadbent] Peter Alan "Pete" Broadbent (born 31 July 1952) is the Anglican Bishop of Willesden, Greater London, England. The Bishop of Willesden is an area bishop within the Diocese of London. He was also the Acting area Bishop of Stepney.
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