Banksy is a pseudonymous English graffiti artist, political activist, film director, and painter.
His satirical street art and subversive epigrams combine dark humour with graffiti executed in a distinctive stencilling technique. Such artistic works of political and social commentary have been featured on streets, walls, and bridges of cities throughout the world.

Banksy's work grew out of the Bristol underground scene, which involved collaborations between artists and musicians. According to author and graphic designer Tristan Manco and the book Home Sweet Home, Banksy "was born in 1974 and raised in Bristol, England. The son of a photocopier technician, he trained as a butcher, but became involved in graffiti during the great Bristol aerosol boom of the late 1980s." Observers have noted that his style is similar to

Blek le Rat, who began to work with stencils in 1981 in Paris. Banksy says that he was inspired by "3D", a graffiti artist who later became a founding member of Massive Attack.
Known for his contempt for the government in labelling graffiti as vandalism, Banksy displays his art on publicly visible surfaces such as walls, even going as far as to build physical prop pieces. Banksy does not sell photographs or reproductions of his street graffiti, but art auctioneers have been known to attempt to sell his street art on location and leave the problem of its removal in the hands of the winning bidder. Banksy's first film, Exit Through the Gift Shop, billed as "the world's first street art disaster movie", made its debut at the 2010 Sundance Film Festival. The film was released in the UK on 5 March 2010. In January 2011, he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Documentary for the film. In 2014, he was awarded person of year at the 2014 Webby Awards.

FULL ARTICLE
See all 53 books in the
Banksy BookShop
  • 1. [Street art] Street art is visual art created in public locations, usually unsanctioned artwork executed outside of the context of traditional art venues. The term gained popularity during the graffiti art boom of the early 1980s and continues to be applied to subsequent incarnations. Stencil graffiti, wheatpasted poster art or sticker art, and street installation or sculpture are common forms of modern street art. Video projection, yarn bombing and Lock On sculpture became popularized at the turn of the 21st century.
  • 2. [Exit Through the Gift Shop] Exit Through the Gift Shop: A Banksy Film is a film by street artist Banksy that tells the story of Thierry Guetta, a French immigrant in Los Angeles, and his obsession with street art. The film charts Guetta's constant documenting of his every waking moment on film, from a chance encounter with his cousin, the
  • 3. [Shepard Fairey] Frank Shepard Fairey (born February 15, 1970) is an American contemporary street artist, graphic designer activist and illustrator who emerged from the skateboarding scene. He first became known for his "Andre the Giant Has a Posse" (…OBEY…) sticker campaign, in which he appropriated images from the comedic supermarket tabloid Weekly World News.
  • 4. [Above (artist)] Above is an international street artist who has deliberately chosen to keep his identity concealed. He was born in California in 1981 and has been creating public art since 1995. Above is known for his multi-layer, full color social and political stencils, spinning wooden arrow-shaped kinetic art installations, and large text-based painted murals. Above's artworks
  • 5. [Invader (artist)] Invader is the pseudonym of a well-known French urban artist, born in 1969, whose work is modelled on the crude pixellation of 1970s 8-bit video games. He took his name from the 1978 arcade game Space Invaders, and much of his work is composed of square ceramic tiles inspired by video game characters. Although he
  • 6. [Blek le Rat] Blek le Rat, (pronounced: [blɛk lə ʁa]; born Xavier Prou, 1952) was one of the first graffiti artists in Paris, and has been described as the "Father of stencil graffiti".
  • 7. [Mr. Brainwash] Mr. Brainwash – often written MBW – is a name used by Paris-born, Los Angeles-based self-proclaimed filmmaker and street artist Thierry Guetta. According to the Banksy-directed film Exit Through the Gift Shop (2010), Guetta began as a proprietor of a clothing store and amateur videographer who was first introduced to street art by his cousin,
  • 8. [Street artist] A street artist is a person who creates their art or craft in public, most usually on streets, for monetary reward. Some artists also sell their art or craft. Artists include portrait artists, caricaturists, artists who replicate famous paintings on the street itself or on large canvases, hair braiders, friendship bracelet makers and many others.
  • 9. [FAILE (artist collaboration)] FAILE (Pronounced "fail") is a Brooklyn-based artistic collaboration between Patrick McNeil (born 1975, Edmonton, Alberta) and Patrick Miller (born 1976, Minneapolis, Minnesota). Since its inception in 1999, FAILE has been known for a wide ranging multimedia practice recognizable for its explorations of duality through a fragmented style of appropriation and collage. While painting and printmaking
  • 10. [Inkie] Inkie is a London based painter and street artist, originally from Clifton, Bristol. He is cited as being part of Bristol's graffiti heritage, along with Banksy, 3D and Nick Walker.
  • 11. [Ben Eine] Eine (real name Ben Flynn; born 23 August 1970) is a prolific street artist based in London, England.
  • 12. [Steve Lazarides] Steve Lazarides (born c. 1969) is an English art gallery owner best known for his role as agent for the graffiti artist, Banksy. He is noted as one of the first figures to help popularise street art, and as an authority on the latest trends in underground art.
  • 13. [Works by Banksy damaged or destroyed] This is a list of damaged or destroyed works of guerrilla art created by Banksy, which have been removed from their original locations or otherwise damaged or destroyed.
  • 14. [Dolk (artist)] Dolk (Norwegian for dagger) (Dolk Lundgren), is the pseudonym for Norway's most recognized graffiti artist. His motives are often pop-cultural references put into a humoristic or critical context. Dolks works can be seen at walls in cities like Bergen, Berlin, Copenhagen, Barcelona, Oslo, Lisbon, Stockholm, London, Prague and Melbourne. Since 2006 Dolk has stepped into galleries where he has had several exhibitions.
  • 15. [King Robbo] King Robbo (born John Robertson, 23 October 1969 – 31 July 2014) was an English underground graffiti artist. His feud with the artist Banksy was the subject of a Channel 4 television documentary called Graffiti Wars, first shown in August 2011.
  • 16. [Vexta] Vexta is an Australian stencil artist and street artist from Melbourne, Victoria.
  • 17. [Nick Walker (artist)] Nick Walker (born 1969) is an established graffiti artist originating from Bristol, England. He is credited with introducing stencil graffiti to Bristol in the early 1980s, hence being a big influence on Banksy.
  • 18. [Vhils] Vhils (born 1987) is the tag name of Portuguese graffiti/street artist Alexandre Farto.
  • 19. [Jef Aérosol] Jef Aérosol is the pseudonym of Jean-François Perroy (born January 15, 1957), a French stencil graffiti artist. He has been an urban art proponent in France since 1982, and is a contemporary of Blek le Rat and Speedy Graphito.
  • 20. [Slave Labour (mural)] "Slave Labour" is a mural that was painted by a British graffiti artist, Banksy, on the side wall of a Poundland store in Wood Green, London in May 2012. The artwork is 48.03 inches (122cm) high by 59.84 inches (152cm) wide, and depicts an urchin child at a sewing machine assembling a bunting of Union Jack patches. The work was a protest against the use of sweatshops to manufacture Diamond Jubilee and London Olympics memorabilia in 2012.
  • 21. [MoneyBart] "MoneyBart" (also referred to as "MoneyBART") is the third episode of The Simpsons' twenty-second season that premiered in the United States on October 10, 2010, on the Fox network. In this episode, Lisa coaches Bart's Little League baseball team to a record winning streak by using her book smarts in statistics and probability. However, when Bart questions Lisa’s coaching tactics and accuses her of taking the fun out of baseball, Lisa benches him from the championship game.
  • 22. [Prism (street artist)] Prism is a notable street artist operating out of Melbourne Australia.
    Prism cut his first stencil in 2000 of Australian Prime Minister John Howard, with devil horns. Prism moved to Melbourne in 2001.
  • 23. [Crazy Beat] "Crazy Beat" is a song by English band Blur. It was released as the second single from their seventh album Think Tank in 2003. "Crazy Beat" has been compared by critics and the band to Blur's 1997 hit "Song 2" in its guitar-driven simplicity. Released in the United States as the first single from the album, it became Blur's first single since "Song 2" to chart on the Modern Rock Tracks chart, reaching #22.
  • 24. [Robert Del Naja] Robert Del Naja (pron. /ˈrɒbə(r)t dɛl ˈnaja/; born 21 January 1966 ), also known as 3D, is an English artist, musician, singer and songwriter. Initially gaining notoriety as a graffiti artist and member of the Bristol collective known as "The Wild Bunch", Del Naja went on to become a founding member of the band Massive Attack, with whom he is still active.
  • 25. [Bristol underground scene] The Bristol underground scene is the culture associated with drum and bass, and graffiti art that has existed in Bristol from the early 1990s to the present.
  • 26. [Graffiti] Graffiti is writing or drawings that have been scribbled, scratched, or sprayed illicitly on a wall or other surface, often in a public place. Graffiti ranges from simple written words to elaborate wall paintings, and it has existed since ancient times, with examples dating back to Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, and the Roman Empire.
  • 27. [Stencil] Stencilling produces an image or pattern by applying pigment to a surface over an intermediate object with gaps in it which create the pattern or image by only allowing the pigment to reach some parts of the surface. The stencil is both the resulting image or pattern and the intermediate object; the context in which
  • 28. [Art Below] Art Below is a London-based public art enterprise. It was founded in 2006 by Ben Moore. The organization displays work by a wide range of artists in the public spaces of cities worldwide.
  • 29. [Cartrain]
    Cartrain (born 1991?), often stylised cartяain, is a British artist associated with the graffiti urban art movement. YBA artist Damien Hirst has threatened to take legal steps against Cartain over his art and activities. Cartrain's art has also been appropriated by well-known artists such as Gilbert and George, Jamie Reid, David Shrigley and Mr Brainwash
  • 30. [Think Tank (Blur album)] Think Tank is the seventh studio album by the English alternative rock band Blur, released in May 2003. Jettisoning the Britpop sound of Blur's early career as well as the lo-fi indie rock of Blur (1997), Think Tank continued the jam-based studio constructions of the group's previous album, 13 (1999). The album expanded on the
  • 31. [Leake Street] Leake Street, also known as the "Banksy Tunnel" or "Graffiti Tunnel", is a road in Lambeth, London. It is about 300 metres long, runs off York Road and under the platforms and tracks of Waterloo station. The walls are decorated with graffiti - initially created during the "Cans Festival" organised by Banksy on 3rd-5 May 2008. A second edition of the Cans Festival on the August Bank Holiday week-end 2008.
  • 32. [2014 Webby Awards] The 18th annual 2014 Webby Awards was held at Cipriani Wall Street in New York City on May 19, 2014 and hosted by comedian Patton Oswalt. The awards ceremony was streamed live at the Webby Awards homepage.
  • 33. [@earth] @earth is a 2011 book made by the London born (and based) photomontage artist Peter Kennard with Lebanese artist Tarek Salhany. It is a photo-essay told through photomontage with seven chapters exposing the current state of the Earth, the conditions of life on it and the need to resist injustice. It was released on 1 May 2011 by Tate Publishing.
  • 34. [Greatest Britons] Greatest Britons was a one-off awards show on ITV, celebrating the best of British talent. It is distinct from 100 Greatest Britons.
    The awards aired on Monday 21 May 2007, with Kate Thornton as host, and they were produced by Shine Limited in association with The Sun and Marks & Spencer.
  • 35. [Ronald McDonald] Ronald McDonald is a clown character used as the primary mascot of the McDonald's fast-food restaurant chain. In television commercials, the clown inhabits a fantasy world called McDonaldland, and has adventures with his friends Mayor McCheese, the Hamburglar, Grimace, Birdie the Early Bird, and The Fry Kids. In recent years, McDonaldland has been largely phased out, and Ronald is instead shown interacting with normal children in their everyday lives.
  • 36. [Eastville, Bristol] Eastville is the name of both a council ward in the city of Bristol in the United Kingdom and a suburb of the city that lies within that ward. The Eastville ward covers the areas of Eastville, Crofts End (also known as Clay Hill), Stapleton and part of Fishponds. Notable places within the ward include
  • 37. [Bristol City Council] Bristol City Council is the local authority of Bristol, England. It is a unitary authority, having the powers of a non-metropolitan county and district council combined. The council is unusual in the United Kingdom local government system in that its executive function is controlled by a directly elected mayor of Bristol, currently George Ferguson. Bristol comprises 35 wards, electing 70 councillors.
  • 38. [Max Foster] Max Foster (born 30 October 1972) is an Anchor and London Correspondent for CNN International, based in London.
  • 39. [Bristol Zoo] Bristol Zoo is a zoo in the city of Bristol in South West England. The zoo's stated mission is "Bristol Zoo Gardens maintains and defends biodiversity through breeding endangered species, conserving threatened species and habitats and promoting a wider understanding of the natural world".
  • 40. [Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery] Bristol Museum & Art Gallery is a large museum and art gallery in Bristol, England. The museum is situated in Clifton, about 0.5 miles (0.8 km) from the city centre. As part of Bristol Museums, Galleries & Archives it is run by the city council with no entrance fee. It holds designated museum status, granted
  • 41. [Paris (Paris Hilton album)] Paris is the debut studio album by American media personality and singer Paris Hilton. It was released on August 22, 2006 by Warner Bros. Records. Best known as a socialite and heiress of Hilton hotels, Hilton rose to worldwide fame as a reality show co-star. The entire album was posted on AOL Music on August 13, 2006, causing the album to be leaked on the Internet nine days before the scheduled release date.
  • 42. [Elephant in the room] "Elephant in the room" or "Elephant in the living room" is an English metaphorical idiom for an obvious truth that is either being ignored or going unaddressed. The idiomatic expression also applies to an obvious problem or risk no one wants to discuss.
  • 43. [George Davis (robber)] George Davis (born 1941) is a former armed robber in the United Kingdom, who became widely known through a very successful campaign by friends and supporters to free him from prison after his wrongful conviction in March 1975 for an armed payroll robbery at the London Electricity Board (LEB) offices in Ilford, London on 4
  • 44. [Guantanamo Bay detainee uniforms] Detainees held at the US-run Guantanamo Bay detention camp are typically issued one of two uniforms, either a white jumpsuit if the prisoner has been labelled "compliant", or an orange jumpsuit if the detainee has been labelled "non-compliant".
  • 45. [Dumbo] Dumbo is a 1941 American animated film produced by Walt Disney Productions and premiered on October 23, 1941, by RKO Radio Pictures. Sound was recorded conventionally using the RCA System. One voice was synthesized using the Sonovox system, but it, too, was recorded using the RCA System.
  • 46. [Anti-war movement] An anti-war movement (also antiwar) is a social movement, usually in opposition to a particular nation's decision to start or carry on an armed conflict, unconditional of a maybe-existing just cause. The term can also refer to pacifism, which is the opposition to all use of military force during conflicts. Many activists distinguish between anti-war
  • 47. [Mona Lisa] The Mona Lisa (Monna Lisa or La Gioconda in Italian; La Joconde in French) is a half-length portrait of a woman by Leonardo da Vinci, which has been acclaimed as "the best known, the most visited, the most written about, the most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world".
  • 48. [Nighthawks] Nighthawks is a 1942 oil on canvas painting by Edward Hopper that portrays people in a downtown diner late at night.
    It is Hopper's most famous work and is one of the most recognizable paintings in American art. Within months of its completion, it was sold to the Art Institute of Chicago for $3,000 and has remained there ever since.
  • 49. [Riot police] Riot police are police who are organised, deployed, trained or equipped to confront crowds, protests or riots.
    Riot police may be regular police who act in the role of riot police in particular situations or they may be separate units organised within or in parallel to regular police forces. Riot police are used in a variety
  • 50. [Massive Attack] Massive Attack is an English musical group formed in 1988 in Bristol, consisting of Robert "3D" Del Naja and Grant "Daddy G" Marshall. Their debut album Blue Lines was released in 1991, with the single "Unfinished Sympathy" reaching the charts and later being voted the 63rd greatest song of all time in a poll by
Mediander uses proprietary software that curates millions of interconnected topics to produce the MedianderConnects search results. As with any algorithmic search, anomalous results may occur. If you notice such an anomaly, or have any comments or suggestions, please contact us.