Banksy is a pseudonymous English graffiti artist, political activist, film director, and painter.
His satirical street art and subversive epigrams combine dark humour with graffiti executed in a distinctive stencilling technique. His works of political and social commentary have been featured on streets, walls, and bridges of cities throughout the world.

Banksy's work grew out of the Bristol underground scene, which involved collaborations between artists and musicians. Observers have noted that his style is similar to Blek le Rat, who began to work with stencils in 1981 in Paris. Banksy says that he was inspired by "3D", a graffiti artist who later became a founding member of Massive Attack, an English musical group.
Banksy displays his art on publicly visible surfaces such as walls and self-built physical

prop pieces. Banksy does not sell photographs or reproductions of his street graffiti, but art auctioneers have been known to attempt to sell his street art on location and leave the problem of its removal in the hands of the winning bidder. Banksy's first film, Exit Through the Gift Shop, billed as "the world's first street art disaster movie", made its debut at the 2010 Sundance Film Festival. The film was released in the UK on 5 March 2010. In January 2011, he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Documentary for the film. In 2014, he was awarded Person of the Year at the 2014 Webby Awards.

  • 1. [Street art] Street art is visual art created in public locations, usually unsanctioned artwork executed outside of the context of traditional art venues. The term gained popularity during the graffiti art boom of the early 1980s and continues to be applied to subsequent incarnations. Stencil graffiti, wheatpasted poster art or sticker art, pop up art and street
  • 2. [Exit Through the Gift Shop] Exit Through the Gift Shop: A Banksy Film is a film by street artist Banksy that tells the story of Thierry Guetta, a French immigrant in Los Angeles, and his obsession with street art. The film charts Guetta's constant documenting of his every waking moment on film, from a chance encounter with his cousin, the
  • 3. [Shepard Fairey] Frank Shepard Fairey (born February 15, 1970) is an American contemporary street artist, graphic designer, activist, illustrator and founder of OBEY (clothing) who emerged from the skateboarding scene. He first became known for his "Andre the Giant Has a Posse" (…OBEY…) sticker campaign while attending the Rhode Island School of Design (RISD), which appropriated images from the comedic supermarket tabloid Weekly World News.
  • 4. [Above (artist)] Above is an international street artist who has deliberately chosen to keep his identity concealed. He was born in California in 1981 and has been creating public art since 1995. Above is known for his multi-layer, full color social and political stencils, spinning wooden arrow-shaped kinetic art installations, and large text-based painted murals. Above's artworks
  • 5. [Stencil graffiti] Stencil graffiti is a form of graffiti that makes use of stencils made out of paper, cardboard, or other media to create an image or text that is easily reproducible. The desired design is cut out of the selected medium and then the image is transferred to a surface through the use of spray paint or roll-on paint.
  • 6. [Blek le Rat] Blek le Rat, (pronounced: [blɛk lə ʁa]; born Xavier Prou, 1952) was one of the first graffiti artists in Paris, and has been described as the "Father of stencil graffiti".
  • 7. [Street artist] A street artist is a person who creates their art or craft in public, most usually on streets, for monetary reward. Some artists also sell their art or craft. Artists include portrait artists, caricaturists, artists who replicate famous paintings on the street itself or on large canvases, hair braiders, friendship bracelet makers and many others.
  • 8. [FAILE (artist collaboration)] FAILE (Pronounced "fail") is a Brooklyn-based artistic collaboration between Patrick McNeil (born 1975, Edmonton, Alberta) and Patrick Miller (born 1976, Minneapolis, Minnesota). Since its inception in 1999, FAILE has been known for a wide ranging multimedia practice recognizable for its explorations of duality through a fragmented style of appropriation and collage. While painting and printmaking
  • 9. [Rash (film)] Rash, written RASH, is a 2005 Australian documentary film, directed by Nicholas Hansen. Its subject is contemporary urban Australia and the artists who are making it a host for illegal street art. With the tagline 'Scratch it and it spreads', Rash explores the cultural value of unsanctioned public art and the ways that street art and graffiti contribute to public dialogue.
  • 10. [Inkie] Inkie is a London-based painter and street artist, originally from Clifton, Bristol. He is cited as being part of Bristol's graffiti heritage, along with Banksy, 3D and Nick Walker.
  • 11. [Works by Banksy that have been damaged or destroyed] This is a list of damaged or destroyed works of guerrilla art created by Banksy, which have been removed from their original locations or otherwise damaged or destroyed.
  • 12. [Dismaland] Dismaland was a temporary art project organised by street artist Banksy, constructed in the seaside resort town of Weston-super-Mare in Somerset, England. Prepared in secret, the pop-up exhibition at the Tropicana, a disused lido, was "a sinister twist on Disneyland" that opened during the weekend of 21 August 2015 and closed permanently on September 27, 2015, 36 days later. Banksy described it as a "family theme park unsuitable for children."
  • 13. [Steve Lazarides] Steve Lazarides (born c. 1969) is an English art gallery owner best known for his role as agent for the graffiti artist, Banksy. He is noted as one of the first figures to help popularise street art, and as an authority on the latest trends in underground art.
  • 14. [Damien Hirst] Damien Steven Hirst (born 7 June 1965) is an English artist, entrepreneur, and art collector. He is the most prominent member of the group known as the Young British Artists (or YBAs), who dominated the art scene in the UK during the 1990s. He is internationally renowned, and is reportedly the United Kingdom's richest living
  • 15. [Vhils] Vhils (born 1987) is the tag name of Portuguese graffiti/street artist Alexandre Farto.
  • 16. [Vexta] Vexta is an Australian stencil artist and street artist from Melbourne, Victoria.
  • 17. [Nick Walker (artist)] Nick Walker (born 1969) is an established graffiti artist originating from Bristol, England. He is credited with being part of the stencil graffiti movement that Robert Del Naja had started in the 1980's, which was also an influence on Banksy. Walker was invited by film director Stanley Kubrick to recreate the graffiti'd streets of New York for his 1999 film, Eyes Wide Shut.
  • 18. [King Robbo] King Robbo (born John Robertson, 23 October 1969 – 31 July 2014) was an English underground graffiti artist. His feud with the artist Banksy was the subject of a Channel 4 television documentary called Graffiti Wars, first shown in August 2011.
  • 19. [Slave Labour (mural)] "Slave Labour" is a mural that was painted by a British graffiti artist, Banksy, on the side wall of a Poundland store in Wood Green, London in May 2012. The artwork is 48.03 inches (122cm) high by 59.84 inches (152cm) wide, and depicts an urchin child at a sewing machine assembling a bunting of Union Jack patches. The work was a protest against the use of sweatshops to manufacture Diamond Jubilee and London Olympics memorabilia in 2012.
  • 20. [Sten Lex] Sten (Rome, 1982) and Lex (Taranto, 1982), known as Sten & Lex, are two Italian street artists.
    Sten & Lex have been doing stencils on the street since 2000/2001 and today their work is part of the urban landscape in London, Paris, Barcelona, New York, and in their home town of Rome. During that early period
  • 21. [Street installation] Street installations are a form of street art. While conventional street art is done on walls and surfaces street installations use three-dimensional objects set in an urban environment. Like graffiti, it is generally non-permission based and the installation is effectively abandoned by the artist upon completion. Street Installations sometimes have an interactive component.
  • 22. [Robert Del Naja] Robert Del Naja (/ˈrɒbə(r)t dɛl ˈnaja/; born 21 January 1965), also known as 3D, is an English artist, musician, singer and songwriter. He emerged as a graffiti artist and member of the Bristol collective known as "The Wild Bunch", and later as a founding member of the band Massive Attack, with whom he is still active.
  • 23. [MoneyBart] "MoneyBart" (also referred to as "MoneyBART") is the third episode of The Simpsons' twenty-second season that premiered in the United States on October 10, 2010, on the Fox network. In this episode, Lisa coaches Bart's Little League baseball team to a record winning streak by using her book smarts in statistics and probability. However, when Bart questions Lisa’s coaching tactics and accuses her of taking the fun out of baseball, Lisa benches him from the championship game.
  • 24. [Crazy Beat] "Crazy Beat" is a song by English band Blur. It was released as the second single from their seventh album Think Tank in 2003. "Crazy Beat" has been compared by critics and the band to Blur's 1997 hit "Song 2" in its guitar-driven simplicity. Released in the United States as the first single from the
  • 25. [Art Below]
    Art Below is a London-based public art enterprise. It was founded in 2006 by Ben Moore. The organization displays work by a wide range of artists in the public spaces of cities worldwide.
  • 26. [Graffiti] Graffiti (/ɡrəˈfti/; Italian: [ɡrafˈfiːti]; plural of graffito: "a graffito", but "these graffiti") are writing or drawings that have been scribbled, scratched, or painted illicitly on a wall or other surface, often in a public place. Graffiti range from simple written words to elaborate wall paintings, and they have existed since ancient times, with examples dating back to Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, and the Roman Empire.
  • 27. [Stencil] Stencilling produces an image or pattern by applying pigment to a surface over an intermediate object with designed gaps in it which create the pattern or image by only allowing the pigment to reach some parts of the surface. The stencil is both the resulting image or pattern and the intermediate object; the context in
  • 28. [Think Tank (Blur album)] Think Tank is the seventh studio album by the English rock band Blur, released in May 2003. Jettisoning the Britpop sound of Blur's early career as well as the lo-fi indie rock of Blur (1997), Think Tank continued the jam-based studio constructions of the group's previous album, 13 (1999). The album expanded on the use
  • 29. [Bristol underground scene] The Bristol underground scene is the culture associated with drum and bass, and graffiti art that has existed in Bristol from the early 1990s to the present.
  • 30. [Leake Street] Leake Street, also known as the "Banksy Tunnel" or "Graffiti Tunnel", is a road in Lambeth, London. It is about 300 metres long, runs off York Road and under the platforms and tracks of Waterloo station. The walls are decorated with graffiti - initially created during the "Cans Festival" organised by Banksy on 3-5 May 2008. A second edition of the Cans Festival on the August Bank Holiday week-end 2008.
  • 31. [Defacement (vandalism)] Defacement is a type of vandalism that involves damaging the appearance or surface of something. The object of damage may be architecture, books, paintings, sculpture or other forms of art.
  • 32. [Nigel Wrench] Nigel Wrench (born 1960) spent his journalistic career working as an English radio presenter and reporter, mainly for BBC Radio 4.
    Born in Birmingham, Wrench grew up in South Africa, where he began his career in journalism after a degree at Rhodes University. After newspaper work on the Johannesburg Sunday Express, he spent much of the
  • 33. [@earth] @earth is a 2011 book made by the London born (and based) photomontage artist Peter Kennard with Lebanese artist Tarek Salhany. It is a photo-essay told through photomontage with seven chapters exposing the current state of the Earth, the conditions of life on it and the need to resist injustice. It was released on 1 May 2011 by Tate Publishing.
  • 34. [2014 Webby Awards] The 18th annual 2014 Webby Awards was held at Cipriani Wall Street in New York City on May 19, 2014 and hosted by comedian Patton Oswalt. The awards ceremony was streamed live at the Webby Awards homepage.
  • 35. [Greatest Britons] Greatest Britons was a one-off awards show on ITV, celebrating the best of British talent. It is distinct from 100 Greatest Britons.
    The awards aired on Monday 21 May 2007, with Kate Thornton as host, and they were produced by Shine Limited in association with The Sun and Marks & Spencer.
  • 36. [Ronald McDonald] Ronald McDonald is a clown character used as the primary mascot of the McDonald's fast-food restaurant chain. In television commercials, the clown inhabits a fantasy world called McDonaldland, and has adventures with his friends Mayor McCheese, the Hamburglar, Grimace, Birdie the Early Bird, and The Fry Kids. In recent years, McDonaldland has been largely phased out, and Ronald is instead shown interacting with normal children in their everyday lives.
  • 37. [Paris (Paris Hilton album)] Paris is the debut studio album by American media personality and singer Paris Hilton. It was released on August 22, 2006 by Warner Bros. Records. The entire album was posted on AOL Music on August 14, 2006, becoming available for online stream eight days before the scheduled release date. After getting signed to the label
  • 38. [Max Foster] Max Foster (born 30 October 1972) is an Anchor and London Correspondent for CNN International, based in London.
  • 39. [Jenny Holzer] Jenny Holzer (born July 29, 1950) is an American Neo-conceptual art artist who utilizes the rhetoric of modern information systems so as to address the politics of discourse. In 1989 she became the first female artist to represent the United States at Italy's Venice Biennale. Holzer lives and works in Hoosick Falls, New York.
  • 40. [Bristol City Council] Bristol City Council is the local authority of Bristol, England. It is a unitary authority, having the powers of a non-metropolitan county and district council combined. The council is unusual in the United Kingdom local government system in that its executive function is controlled by a directly elected mayor of Bristol, currently George Ferguson. Bristol comprises 35 wards. electing 70 councilors.
  • 41. [Elephant in the room] "Elephant in the room" or "Elephant in the living room" is an English metaphorical idiom for an obvious truth that is either being ignored or going unaddressed. The idiomatic expression also applies to an obvious problem or risk no one wants to discuss.
  • 42. [Mona Lisa] The Mona Lisa (Italian: Monna Lisa [ˈmɔnna ˈliːza] or La Gioconda [la dʒoˈkonda], French: La Joconde) is a half-length portrait of a woman by the Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci, which has been acclaimed as "the best known, the most visited, the most written about, the most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world".
  • 43. [Bristol Cathedral Choir School] Bristol Cathedral Choir School is a mixed gender non-selective musical Secondary Academy, located in the Cabot area of Bristol, England. Until 2008 it was known as Bristol Cathedral School. It is situated next to Bristol Cathedral, in the centre of the city. The choristers at Bristol Cathedral are educated at the school, which has a
  • 44. [Anti-consumerism] Anti-consumerism is a sociopolitical ideology that is opposed to consumerism, the continual buying and consuming of material possessions. Anti-consumerism is concerned with the private actions of business corporations in pursuit of financial and economic goals at the expense of the public welfare, especially in matters of environmental protection, social stratification, and ethics in the governing
  • 45. [Eastville, Bristol]
    Eastville is the name of both a council ward in the city of Bristol in the United Kingdom and a suburb of the city that lies within that ward. The Eastville ward covers the areas of Eastville, Crofts End (also known as Clay Hill), Stapleton and part of Fishponds. Notable places within the ward include
  • 46. [George Davis (robber)] George Davis (born 1941) is a former armed robber in the United Kingdom, who became widely known through a very successful campaign by friends and supporters to free him from prison after his wrongful conviction in March 1975 for an armed payroll robbery at the London Electricity Board (LEB) offices in Ilford, Essex on 4
  • 47. [Danger Mouse (musician)] Brian Joseph Burton (born July 29, 1977), better known by his stage name Danger Mouse, is an American musician, songwriter and producer. He came to prominence in 2004 when he released The Grey Album, which combined vocal performances from Jay-Z's The Black Album with instrumentals from The Beatles' The Beatles (aka the White Album).
  • 48. [Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery] Bristol Museum & Art Gallery is a large museum and art gallery in Bristol, England. The museum is situated in Clifton, about 0.5 miles (0.8 km) from the city centre. As part of Bristol Museums, Galleries & Archives it is run by the city council with no entrance fee. It holds designated museum status, granted
  • 49. [City of Melbourne] The City of Melbourne is a local government area in Victoria, Australia, located in the central city area of Melbourne. The city has an area of 36 square kilometres (14 sq mi) and had a population of 127,742 people in 2015. The city's motto is "Vires acquirit eundo" which means "She gathers strength as she goes."
  • 50. [Guantanamo Bay detainee uniforms] Detainees held at the US-run Guantanamo Bay detention camp are typically issued one of two uniforms, either a white jumpsuit if the prisoner has been labelled "compliant", or an orange jumpsuit if the detainee has been labelled "non-compliant".
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